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Cyclooxygenase (COX), first purified in 1976 and cloned in 1988, is the key enzyme in the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs) from arachidonic acid. In 1991, several laboratories identified a product from a second gene with COX activity and called it COX-2. However, COX-2 was inducible, and the inducing stimuli included pro-inflammatory cytokines and growth(More)
A few years after the foundation of the British Pharmacological Society, monoamine oxidase (MAO) was recognized as an enzyme of crucial interest to pharmacologists because it catalyzed the major inactivation pathway for the catecholamine neurotransmitters, noradrenaline, adrenaline and dopamine (and, later, 5-hydroxytryptamine, as well). Within the next(More)
In noninfected rats, challenge with allergen following local IgE sensitization induced a pleurisy marked by intense protein exudation that plateaued from 30 min to 4 h after challenge, reducing thereafter. Infection of rats with Angiostrongylus costaricensis induced a 5-fold increase in blood eosinophil numbers by 25 days postinfection, whereas the numbers(More)
1. The induction of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) afforded by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) is mediated by tyrosine kinase. LPS also causes the generation of several cytokines including interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and(More)
1. It is well-established that inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) and hence of prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis reverse inflammatory hyperalgesia and oedema in both human and animal models of inflammatory pain. 2. Paw oedema and hyperalgesia in rats were induced by injecting carrageenan (250 micro g paw(-1)) into a hindpaw. Both inflammatory responses were(More)
The metabolism of adenosine perfused through the pulmonary circulation of isolated lungs from rats was investigated radiochemically. Following a 10 s infusion of radioactive [14C]- or [3H]-adenosine, the recovery of radioactivity in effluent from the lung after 1 min increased from 30% at 0.5 microM to 80% at 1 mM adenosine. Unchanged adenosine comprised(More)