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Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), a member of ATF/CREB family of transcription factors, is induced in a variety of stressed tissue. ATF3 regulates transcription by binding to DNA sites as a homodimer or heterodimer with Jun proteins. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression and regulation of ATF3 after axonal injury in neurons in(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are two major members of the neurotrophin family. Using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization histochemistry, we examined the effect of L5 spinal nerve ligation (SPNL), a neuropathic pain model, on the expression of BDNF in the uninjured L4 dorsal root ganglion (DRG). After L5(More)
Multiple voltage-gated sodium channels are the primary mediators of cell excitability. They are multimers that consist of the pore-forming alpha subunit and auxiliary beta subunits. Although ion permeability and voltage sensing are primarily determined by the alpha subunit, beta subunits are important modulators of sodium channel function. The purpose of(More)
We investigated the effect of the systemic infusion of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on the behavioral response in a rat neuropathic pain model. One microgram per hour infusion of BDNF significantly attenuated mechanical hyperalgesia tested by the pin-prick test, however, 20 microg/h-BDNF infusion, on the contrary, enhanced the response. Neither(More)
Inflammation of the primary afferent proximal to the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and the DRG itself is known to produce radicular pain. Here, we examined pain-related behaviors and the activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in the DRG after inflammation near the DRG somata. Inflammation of the L4/5 nerve roots and DRG induced by(More)
Chronic-constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve causes mechanical and heat hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia in the plantar surface of the hindpaw. The underlying mechanism thought to account for these phenomena include central sensitization induced by peripheral nerve injury, ie, the increase in neuronal activity of spinal dorsal horn neurons.(More)
A total of 68 neurons were recorded from the ventro-postero-lateral nucleus of thalamus (VPL) in rats with a unilateral chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve (n=20), sham operation (n=24) and naive rats (n=24), and effects of the lesion of dorsal column (DC) pathway [DC lesion or DC+gracile nucleus lesions] on VPL nucleus neuronal(More)
Low-threshold sensory pathways have been suggested to have an important role in the formation and maintenance of sensory abnormalities which are observed after peripheral nerve injury. Fos-like immunoreactive (Fos-LI) neurons are expressed in spinal cord laminae III-IV and the gracile nucleus by electrically stimulating the injured nerves at Abeta strength(More)
Two cold-sensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, TRPA1 and TRPM8, have been identified and considered interesting because of their possible roles in thermosensation, nociception and other functions. Recently, we have reported that the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
In order to clarify the central mechanisms of thermal hyperalgesia produced by peripheral nerve injury, Fos protein-like immunoreactive (Fos-LI) cells in spinal dorsal horn neurons were studied in rats with chronic constriction nerve injury (CCI) following graded thermal stimulation of the hind paw. The graded thermal stimuli (cold: 5, 10 and 15 degrees C,(More)