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A procedure is described which permits the isolation from the prepuberal mouse testis of highly purified populations of primitive type A spermatogonia, type A spermatogonia, type B spermatogonia, preleptotene primary spermatocytes, leptotene and zygotene primary spermatocytes, pachytene primary spermatocytes and Sertoli cells. The successful isolation of(More)
Dicentrics are among the most common structural abnormalities of the human Y chromosome. Predicting the phenotypic consequences of different duplications and deletions of dicentric Y chromosomes is usually complicated by varying degrees of mosaicism (45,X cell lines), which may, in some cases, remain undetected. Molecular studies in patients with dicentric(More)
The presence of highly acetylated histone H4 during spermatogenesis was studied to evaluate its correlation with the events of gene transcription, histone deposition, and histone displacement. We utilized an antibody raised to a pentaacetylated synthetic peptide that preferentially recognizes highly (tetra- and tri-) acetylated forms of rat testis H4.(More)
Changes in chromatin structure during spermatogenesis were investigated using a monoclonal antibody that immunoreacts with the N-terminus of the testis-specific histone TH2B. This monoclonal antibody, which had been raised against rat tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), cross-reacted with TH2B because of sequence homology at the N-termini of TH and TH2B. The epitope(More)
Using a radioimmunoassay towards bovine neurotensin(NT), chicken NT has been purified to homogeneity from extracts of intestine and its amino acid sequence determined to be: less than Glu-Leu-His-Val-Asn-Lys-Ala-Arg-Arg-Pro-Tyr-Ile-Leu-OH. The molecule is identical to the bovine peptide except for the 3 amino acid substitutions located in its NH2-terminal(More)
Using radioimmunoassay and 3 region specific antisera toward bovine neurotensin (NT), the NT-like peptides in chicken have been shown to differ from NT but to strongly resemble its COOH-terminal region. Three substances were identified, one of which resembled NT biologically and appeared to share 7 or 8 of its COOH-terminal residues. The two other peptides(More)
The telomeres of gorilla, chimpanzee and human peripheral blood cells have been examined by hybridization to an oligonucleotide probe, (TTAGGG)4, following conventional and pulsed-field electrophoresis procedures. The MspI site present near the chromosome terminus undergoes methylation in gorilla, chimpanzee and human genome as shown by the HpaII digestion.(More)
A Y-chromosomal DNA fragment has been isolated from a human Y-Charon 21A recombinant library. Evolutionary analysis of 1F5 indicates that the size and sequence of this fragment have been conserved in higher primates. Deletion mapping and in situ hybridization analysis have localized 1F5 to the middle euchromatic portion of the long arm of the human Y(More)
Immunocytochemical localization of protein "A," an H2A variant, has been carried out in the adult, neonatal, and embryonic spermatogenic cells of the mouse using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. The results indicate an apparent enrichment of this protein in the meiotic cells of the adult testis. In addition, T-prospermatogonia present in the(More)