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Bovine pericardium has been extensively applied as the biomaterial for artificial heart valves and may potentially be used as a scaffold for tissue-engineered heart valves after decellularization. Although various methods of decellularization are currently available, it is unknown which method is the most ideal one for the decellularization for bovine(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Complement activation is a trigger in inducing inflammation in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and is usually thought to be induced by the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In this study, we examined whether tissue injury caused by chest surgical incision per se contributes to complement activation in CABG(More)
BACKGROUND Hemostasis is preserved after off-pump coronary operations compared with conventional coronary procedures. However, this preserved hemostasis may result in a procoagulant activity. METHODS We prospectively studied coagulation in 22 patients who underwent off-pump coronary operation either through a midline sternotomy (n = 14) or with minimally(More)
Leukocyte depletion during cardiopulmonary bypass has been demonstrated in animal experiments to improve pulmonary function. Conflicting results have been reported, however, with clinical depletion by arterial line filter of leukocytes at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass. In this study, we examined whether leukocyte depletion from the residual(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass generates a systemic inflammatory response including the activation of the complement cascade and leukocytes contributing to postoperative morbidity. To evaluate whether the use of heparin-coated extracorporeal circuits could reduce these activation processes, we performed a study on 30 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether the inflammation-associated clinical morbidity as well as the subclinical markers of the inflammatory response are reduced in patients who undergo minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS From June 1995 to June 1996, 62 consecutive(More)
Endotoxin, when released into the systemic circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), might induce activation of plasmatic systems and blood cells during CPB, in addition to a material-dependent blood activation during CPB. However, the role of endotoxin in the development of this so-called whole-body inflammatory reaction in CPB is still unclear. We(More)
Heparin coating of an extracorporeal circuit for cardiopulmonary bypass improves the hemocompatibility of the circuit and reduces the inflammatory response of the body. It has not been established, however, that heparin coating also improves postoperative hemostasis. We therefore performed a study in 30 patients who underwent a routine coronary artery(More)