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The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of the proinflammatory marker tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the tubular marker neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) with the progression of the early stage of type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN). Baseline levels of urinary TNF-α and NGAL were measured in 63 non-diabetic controls and(More)
There is great heterogeneity of immunity among patients with cryptococcosis, and severe immunodeficiency can lead to negative clinical outcomes. Underlying disease is a poor surrogate for immune status and inferior in predicting an individual’s prognosis. This study was intended to determine whether T-lymphocyte subgroups would be more suitable indicators(More)
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