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Carbon and nitrogen utilization and acid production by mycelia of the ectomycorrhizal fungusTricholoma bakamatsutake in vitro
- Y. Terashima
- 1 February 1999
Mycelial growth of an isolate of T. bakamatsutake was tested in media with C/N ratio ranging from 0 to 50 and with 32 carbon and 12 nitrogen sources, and all the isolates secreted gluconic acid in the d-glucose media and oxalic acids in the pectin media.
Novel Components of the Sex Pheromones Produced by Emerald Moths: Identification, Synthesis, and Field Evaluation
The field evaluation of the synthetic polyenes in a mixed forest of Tokyo revealed the following new male attractants for emerald moths: Idiochlora ussuriaria by a C17 6,9,12-triene and Jodis lactearia by a 2,3,6,9-tetraene, indicating the characteristic chemical structures of Geometrinae pheromones.
Taxonomy and phylogenetic position of Fomitiporia torreyae, a causal agent of trunk rot on Sanbu-sugi, a cultivar of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) in Japan
DNA sequences of four markers from a set of strains isolated from trunk-rot symptoms were analyzed and recovered a single, monophyletic clade, indicating that a single taxon is involved and proved that trunk rot and/or dieback of other conifers and broadleaf trees, including Sawara cypress, Japanese umbrella pine and Japanese pear, were caused by the same species.
The host ranges of conifer-associated Tricholoma matsutake, Fagaceae-associated T. bakamatsutake and T. fulvocastaneum are wider in vitro than in nature
All strains, except for one of T. matsutake, formed EM associations with both pine and oak and plant growth and mycelial development were differently affected by EM formation depending on the plant-fungus combination.
Temperature niche position and breadth of ectomycorrhizal fungi: Reduced diversity under warming predicted by a nested community structure
The distribution and environmental ranges of various EM fungal species are demonstrated and can contribute to develop species distribution models with the aim of conserving microbes in the face of climate change.
Morphology and comparative ecology of the fairy ring fungi, Vascellum curtisii and Bovista dermoxantha, on turf of bentgrass, bluegrass, and Zoysiagrass
The causal fungi of fairy rings are identified as Vascellum curtisii and Bovista dermoxantha on the turf of bentgrass, bluegrass, and Zoysiagrass and the infection test of the fungi to the seedlings revealed that V.Curtisii damaged Zoy Siograss more severely than bentgrass and that B. derMoxantha was more injurious to bentgrass than ZoySIagrassing.
Genetic diversity of Tricholoma matsutake and close allies associated with broad-leaved trees in Asia
Change in medium components and colony morphology due to mycelial growth of ectomycorrhizal fungusTricholoma bakamatsutake
- Y. Terashima
- 1 July 1994
Mycelia ofTricholoma bakamatsutake isolate No. 4 grew better in the media in which less glucose, total carbon and total nitrogen remained, and almost all isolates secreted gluconic acid.
Comparison of conditions for mycelial growth of Lepista sordida causing fairy rings on Zoysia matrella turf to those on Agrostis palustris turf
To compare conditions for the mycelial growth in Z. matrella turf to those in A. palustris turf, the effects of nutrients, temperature, water potential, and pH in the field as well as in the laboratory were examined.