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Meta-Analysis: Apolipoprotein E Genotypes and Risk for Coronary Heart Disease
Context Many studies investigate relationships between apolipoprotein E (apoE) polymorphisms and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. What do these studies show? Contribution This comprehensive reviewExpand
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Is nondiabetic hyperglycemia a risk factor for cardiovascular disease? A meta-analysis of prospective studies.
BACKGROUND Although hyperglycemia increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in diabetic patients, the risk associated with blood glucose levels in the nondiabetic range remains unsettled. Expand
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Dietary calcium, vitamin D, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older U.S. women.
OBJECTIVE To examine whether and to what extent intakes of calcium and vitamin D are related to the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged or older women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed dataExpand
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Blood 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D Levels and Incident Type 2 Diabetes
OBJECTIVE To quantitatively assess the strength and shape of the association between blood 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and incident risk of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS AExpand
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Systematic Review: Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation in Prevention of Cardiovascular Events
BACKGROUND Vitamin D and calcium may affect the cardiovascular system independently and interactively. PURPOSE To assess whether vitamin D and calcium supplements reduce the risk for cardiovascularExpand
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Effects of Exercise Training on Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Biomarkers of Cardiometabolic Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Background Guidelines recommend exercise for cardiovascular health, although evidence from trials linking exercise to cardiovascular health through intermediate biomarkers remains inconsistent. WeExpand
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Associations of Dietary Flavonoids with Risk of Type 2 Diabetes, and Markers of Insulin Resistance and Systemic Inflammation in Women: A Prospective Study and Cross-Sectional Analysis
Objective: Flavonoids, as antioxidants, may prevent the progressive impairment of pancreatic β-cell function due to oxidative stress and may thus reduce the occurrence of type 2 diabetes. The aim ofExpand
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Dietary intake of whole and refined grain breakfast cereals and weight gain in men.
OBJECTIVE Prospective studies have suggested that substituting whole grain for refined grain products may lower the risk of overweight and obesity. Breakfast cereal intake is a major source of wholeExpand
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Sex hormone-binding globulin and risk of type 2 diabetes in women and men.
BACKGROUND Circulating sex hormone-binding globulin levels are inversely associated with insulin resistance, but whether these levels can predict the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is uncertain.Expand
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Sex differences of endogenous sex hormones and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONTEXT Inconsistent data suggest that endogenous sex hormones may have a role in sex-dependent etiologies of type 2 diabetes, such that hyperandrogenism may increase risk in women while decreasingExpand
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