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Sequence analysis of the Spodoptera litura multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus genome.
The complete Spodoptera litura multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (SpltMNPV) genome contained 139,342 bp with a G+C content of 42.7%, and 141 putative open reading frames (ORFs) or genes of 150
Autographa californica Multiple Nucleopolyhedrovirus Nucleocapsid Assembly Is Interrupted upon Deletion of the 38K Gene
Results demonstrate that 38K plays a role in nucleocapsid assembly and is essential for viral replication in the AcMNPV life cycle.
Using an F2 Screen to Search for Resistance Alleles to Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin in European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
Based on a sample of 91 female Ostrinia nubilalis, it is shown with 95% confidence that the frequency of B. thuringiensis resistance alleles from a wild Minnesota population is <0.013, an upper limit to the estimated allele frequency.
Comparison of Bacterial Diversity in Wheat Bran and in the Gut of Larvae and Newly Emerged Adult of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) by use of Ethidium Monoazide Reveals Bacterial Colonization
Results demonstrate that the bacteria M. morganii and Providencia spp.
Identification of Autographa californica Nucleopolyhedrovirus ac93 as a Core Gene and Its Requirement for Intranuclear Microvesicle Formation and Nuclear Egress of Nucleocapsids
The results suggest that ac93, although not previously recognized as a core gene, is one that plays an essential role in the formation of the ODV envelope and the egress of nucleocapsids from the nucleus.
Functional analysis of the putative antiapoptotic genes, p49 and iap4, of Spodoptera litura nucleopolyhedrovirus with RNAi.
It is determined that Splt-p49 is necessary to prevent apoptosis; however,Splt-iap4 has no antiapoptotic function during SpltNPV infection.
Expression of vip1/vip2 genes in Escherichia coli and Bacillus thuringiensis and the analysis of their signal peptides
Aims:  To determine the expression time courses and high expression level of Vip2A(c) and Vip1A(c) in Bacillus thuringiensis, and survey their insecticidal toxicity and insecticidal spectrum.