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Identification of Host-Specificity Determinants in Betanodaviruses by Using Reassortants between Striped Jack Nervous Necrosis Virus and Sevenband Grouper Nervous Necrosis Virus
TLDR
Results indicate that viral RNA2 and/or encoded coat protein controls host specificity in SJNNV and SGNNV. Expand
PCR-based detection of betanodaviruses from cultured and wild marine fish with no clinical signs.
TLDR
Large populations of cultured and wild marine fish in aquaculture areas are subclinically infected with genetically closely related betanodaviruses, suggesting an importance of such infected fish as a carrier or reservoir of betan Kodavirus. Expand
hrp genes of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937 are important virulence factors.
TLDR
The results establish the importance of hrp genes in the virulence of E. chrysanthemi and their ability to elicit HR on nonhosts and suggest that other effector proteins secreted by the Hrp system are required for full virulence and HR elicitation. Expand
Identification of RNA regions that determine temperature sensitivities in betanodaviruses
TLDR
Results indicate that both RNA1 and RNA2 control the temperature sensitivity of betanodaviruses by modulating RNA replication or earlier viral growth processes. Expand
Characterization of Striped jack nervous necrosis virus subgenomic RNA3 and biological activities of its encoded protein B2.
TLDR
Results indicate that SJNNV produces subgenomic RNA3 from RNA1 and synthesizes protein B2 during virus multiplication, as reported for alphanodaviruses, and Agrobacterium co-infiltration assay established in transgenic plants that express green fluorescent protein showed that SJnnVprotein B2 has a potent RNA silencing-suppression activity. Expand
Intracellular replication of Edwardsiella tarda in murine macrophage is dependent on the type III secretion system and induces an up-regulation of anti-apoptotic NF-kappaB target genes protecting the
TLDR
It is shown that intracellular replication of E. tarda in murine macrophages is dependent on the type III secretion system and induces an anti-APoptotic effect by up-regulating anti-apoptotic NF-kappaB target genes. Expand
Microarray profiling of Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937 genes that are regulated during plant infection.
TLDR
Microarray technology was used to identify genes in Erwinia chrysanthemi 3937 that are specifically up- or down-regulated in a plant host compared with growth in laboratory culture medium, and new insights were obtained into genes important in bacterial virulence. Expand
Betanodavirus infection in the freshwater model fish medaka (Oryzias latipes).
TLDR
It was found that adult medaka, a well-known model fish, was susceptible to both Striped jack nervous necrosis virus (the type species of the genus Betanodavirus) and Redspotted grouper nervous necrot virus (RGNNV), which have different host specificities in marine fish species. Expand
The C Terminus of Brome Mosaic Virus Coat Protein Controls Viral Cell-to-Cell and Long-Distance Movement
TLDR
Results indicate that the C-terminal region of CP plays some important roles in virus movement and encapsidation, and the specificity of certain mutations for viral movement in two different plant species is evidence for the involvement of host-specific factors. Expand
A Structural Model for the Mechanisms of Elicitor Release from Fungal Cell Walls by Plant [beta]-1,3-Endoglucanase
TLDR
A structural model of how RE is originally present in fungal cell walls and released by host [beta]-1,3-endoglucanase is proposed to evaluate the primary structure of the glucanase-released elicitor. Expand
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