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Toward a Global View of Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannabis, and Cocaine Use: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Background Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use cause considerable morbidity and mortality, but good cross-national epidemiological data are limited. This paper describes such data from the firstExpand
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Evaluating the drug use "gateway" theory using cross-national data: consistency and associations of the order of initiation of drug use among participants in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys.
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether the normative sequence of drug use initiation, beginning with tobacco and alcohol, progressing to cannabis and then other illicit drugs, is due to causal effects ofExpand
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Alcohol dehydrogenase polymorphisms influence alcohol-elimination rates in a male Jewish population.
BACKGROUND Genetic variation in the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) enzyme is associated with an aversion to alcohol and a lower risk of alcoholism among Asians. There is growing evidence of a functionalExpand
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Association of the ADH2*2 allele with reduced ethanol consumption in Jewish men in Israel: a pilot study.
OBJECTIVE This study provides preliminary evidence on the associations between alcohol consumption patterns and polymorphisms of the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)Expand
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Barriers to HIV-testing among Hispanics in the United States: analysis of the National Health Interview Survey, 2000.
Data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were analyzed to explore barriers to HIV testing, and intentions to be tested among a nationally representative sample (n = 4,261) of theExpand
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Hand washing among school children in Bogotá, Colombia.
OBJECTIVES We assessed hand-washing behaviors and intentions among school children in Bogotá, Colombia, to help identify and overcome barriers to proper hygiene practices. METHODS Data onExpand
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Parity-related mortality: shape of association among middle-aged and elderly men and women
AbstractParity is associated with mortality among middle-aged women, while substantially less is known about this relationship for men and the elderly. Using the census-based Israel LongitudinalExpand
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Male-female differences in the earliest stages of drug involvement.
AIMS To examine whether male-female differences in rates of drug use could be traced back to differences in rates of exposure to initial opportunities to try drugs, rather than to sex differences inExpand
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Initial opportunity to use marijuana and the transition to first use: United States, 1979-1994.
A renewed American interest in marijuana has coincided with our research group's focus on the earliest stages of drug involvement. Here, we have studied the transition from an initial opportunity toExpand
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Limited English proficiency is a barrier to receipt of advice about physical activity and diet among Hispanics with chronic diseases in the United States.
The prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease is reaching epidemic proportions among Hispanics in the United States. Health care providers play an important role in motivatingExpand
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