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Bronchoconstriction-triggered Cough Is Impaired in Typical Asthmatics
TLDR
Although typical asthmatics have increased airway responsiveness, their cough response to bronchoconstriction is impaired.
Gut microbiota-derived D-serine protects against acute kidney injury.
TLDR
The renoprotective effects of gut-derived D-serine in AKI are demonstrated, light is shed on the interactions between the gut microbiota and the kidney in both health and AKI, and D-Serine is highlighted as a potential new therapeutic target and biomarker for AKI.
Heightened cough response to bronchoconstriction in cough variant asthma
TLDR
This study compared bronchoconstriction‐triggered cough between CVA patients and normal control subjects to help clarify the pathophysiology of cough variant asthma.
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis with eosinophil infiltration induced by 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a): a case report.
TLDR
The patient's diagnosis was determined to be extrinsic allergic alveolitis with eosinophil infiltration, caused by HFC134a, an alternative to chlorofluorocarbon as a coolant.
Dynamic-Ventilatory Digital Radiography in Air Flow Limitation: A Change in Lung Area Reflects Air Trapping
TLDR
The rate of change in the lung area due to respiratory motion evaluated with dynamic DR reflects air trapping and is a potential tool for the comprehensive assessment of pulmonary function in patients with COPD.
Impact of kidney function and urinary protein excretion on intima–media thickness in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes
TLDR
Low eGFR was associated with progression of carotid thickness independent of common cardiovascular risk factors in non-diabetic participants, and no significant relationships were found in participants with diabetes.
Safety of fucoidan from Gagome kombu (Kjellmaniella crassifolia) in healthy adult volunteers
ガゴメ昆布 (Kjellmaniella crassifolia) 由来のフコイダンを配合した飲料のヒトへの安全性について評価を行った.インフォームドコンセントの得られた健常成人ボランティア 32 名を 8 名ずつ 4 群に無作為に割り付け,2 種類のガゴメ昆布フコイダン配合飲料のそれぞれの 1 日目安量ならびに過剰量(3 倍量)を 4 週間摂取させた.摂取前後に血液検査,尿検査,QOL
Reversibility of the pulmonary function based on the partial flow-volume curve predicts the efficacy of bronchodilator therapy for treating chronic cough.
TLDR
Reversibility of the PEF40 predicted the efficacy of BDT in patients with chronic nonproductive cough and helped to identify patients with cough variant asthma (CVA).
Impact of kidney function and urinary protein excretion on pulmonary function in Japanese patients with chronic kidney disease
TLDR
This study suggests that decreased eGFR is associated with decreased %DLCO in proteinuric patients and indicates that kidney function and urinary protein excretion on pulmonary dysfunction is impaired.
Significance of the Gut Microbiota in Acute Kidney Injury
TLDR
The pathogenesis of AKI is discussed, highlighting the relation to the gut microbiota and some kinds of gut bacteria and their metabolites reportedly have protective effects against AKI.
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