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Neurokinin B and Dynorphin A in Kisspeptin Neurons of the Arcuate Nucleus Participate in Generation of Periodic Oscillation of Neural Activity Driving Pulsatile Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Investigating the possible coexpression of kisspeptin, neurokinin B (NKB), and dynorphin A (Dyn) in neurons of the ARC of the goat and evaluating their potential roles in generating GnRH pulses found that all three neuropeptides are coexpressed in the same population of neurons. Expand
Social buffering: relief from stress and anxiety
Research leading towards further understanding of the mechanisms of social buffering could provide alternative medical treatments based on the natural, individual characteristics of social animals, which could improve the quality of life. Expand
Xenopus V1R vomeronasal receptor family is expressed in the main olfactory system.
Results suggest that V1R-mediated signal transduction pathway functions in Xenopus main olfactory system, and is considered to play an important role in pheromone reception in the rodent VNO. Expand
Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test
Abstract We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scaleExpand
Partner's stress status influences social buffering effects in rats.
It is suggested that the social buffering effect depends on the stress status of the accompanying conspecific animal. Expand
Association between equine temperament and polymorphisms in dopamine D4 receptor gene
Results suggested that the SNP in the VNTR region of the equine DRD4 gene might be related to individual differences in equine temperament. Expand
Assessment of equine temperament questionnaire by comparing factor structure between two separate surveys
Abstract To establish a method for assessing equine temperament by use of a questionnaire, we carried out two surveys. The subject animals were all thoroughbreds maintained at the same farm.Expand
Behavioural and Neurochemical Consequences of Early Weaning in Rodents
The results suggest that deprivation of the mother–infant interaction during the late lactating period results in behavioural and neurochemical changes in adulthood and that these stress responses are sexually dimorphic (i.e. the male is more vulnerable to early weaning stress). Expand
A putative pheromone receptor gene is expressed in two distinct olfactory organs in goats.
The results suggest that the goat may detect pheromone molecules through two distinct olfactory organs, and the newly isolated goat receptor genes are members of the V1R gene family. Expand
Morphological evidence for two types of Mammalian vomeronasal system.
The results suggest that many mammals have uniform-type VN systems, and at least two types of Vn systems exist in terrestrial mammals. Expand