• Publications
  • Influence
Conservative prior distributions for variance parameters in hierarchical models
Bayesian hierarchical models typically involve specifying prior distributions for one or more variance components. This is rather removed from the observed data, so specification based on expertExpand
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  • 113
  • Open Access
Three Measures of Forest Fire Smoke Exposure and Their Associations with Respiratory and Cardiovascular Health Outcomes in a Population-Based Cohort
Background: During the summer of 2003 numerous fires burned in British Columbia, Canada. Objectives: We examined the associations between respiratory and cardiovascular physician visits and hospitalExpand
  • 125
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Bayesian spatial and ecological models for small-area accident and injury analysis.
  • Y. MacNab
  • Medicine, Engineering
  • Accident; analysis and prevention
  • 31 December 2002
In this article, recently developed Bayesian spatial and ecological regression models are applied to analyse small-area variation in accident and injury. This study serves to demonstrate how BayesianExpand
  • 122
  • 8
  • Open Access
Review of methods for space–time disease surveillance
Abstract A review of some methods for analysis of space–time disease surveillance data is presented. Increasingly, surveillance systems are capturing spatial and temporal data on disease andExpand
  • 101
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Improving the quality of care for infants: a cluster randomized controlled trial
Background: We developed and tested a new method, called the Evidence-based Practice for Improving Quality method, for continuous quality improvement. Methods: We used cluster randomization to assignExpand
  • 83
  • 5
  • Open Access
Current CHS and NHBPEP Criteria for Severe Preeclampsia Do Not Uniformly Predict Adverse Maternal or Perinatal Outcomes
Objective: To determine the association between adverse maternal/perinatal outcomes and Canadian and U.S. preeclampsia severity criteria. Methods: Using PIERS data (Preeclampsia Integrated EstimateExpand
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Autoregressive spatial smoothing and temporal spline smoothing for mapping rates.
This article proposes generalized additive mixed models for the analysis of geographic and temporal variability of mortality rates. This class of models accommodates random spatial effects and fixedExpand
  • 103
  • 5
Proportional hazards frailty models for recurrent methadone maintenance treatment.
The authors' objective in this study was to identify determinants of time to discontinuation of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) across multiple treatment episodes. Population-level data on drugExpand
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A conceptual model of water's role as a reservoir in Helicobacter pylori transmission: a review of the evidence.
Helicobacter pylori infection plays a role in the development of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer, yet the route of transmission into susceptible hosts remains unknown. StudiesExpand
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On Gaussian Markov random fields and Bayesian disease mapping
  • Y. MacNab
  • Medicine, Mathematics
  • Statistical methods in medical research
  • 1 February 2011
We discuss the nature of Gaussian Markov random fields (GMRFs) as they are typically formulated via full conditionals, also named conditional autoregressive or CAR formulations, to represent smallExpand
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