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TSC2 is phosphorylated and inhibited by Akt and suppresses mTOR signalling
Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the formation of hamartomas in a wide range of human tissues. Mutation in either the TSC1 or TSC2 tumour suppressor gene isExpand
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Rheb GTPase is a direct target of TSC2 GAP activity and regulates mTOR signaling.
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disease caused by mutation in either TSC1 or TSC2. The TSC1 and TSC2 gene products form a functional complex and inhibit phosphorylation of S6K andExpand
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Endocrine regulation of the fasting response by PPARalpha-mediated induction of fibroblast growth factor 21.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) regulates the utilization of fat as an energy source during starvation and is the molecular target for the fibrate dyslipidemia drugs.Expand
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An integrated network of androgen receptor, polycomb, and TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusions in prostate cancer progression.
Chromosomal rearrangements fusing the androgen-regulated gene TMPRSS2 to the oncogenic ETS transcription factor ERG occur in approximately 50% of prostate cancers, but how the fusion productsExpand
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Open Access
MicroRNA-155 functions as an OncomiR in breast cancer by targeting the suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 gene.
MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is overexpressed in many human cancers; however, the mechanisms by which miR-155 functions as a putative oncomiR are largely unknown. Here, we report that the tumor suppressorExpand
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Open Access
A novel miR‐155/miR‐143 cascade controls glycolysis by regulating hexokinase 2 in breast cancer cells
Cancer cells preferentially metabolize glucose through aerobic glycolysis. This phenomenon, known as the Warburg effect, is an anomalous characteristic of glucose metabolism in cancer cells. ChronicExpand
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Open Access
Signaling by Target of Rapamycin Proteins in Cell Growth Control
SUMMARY Target of rapamycin (TOR) proteins are members of the phosphatidylinositol kinase-related kinase (PIKK) family and are highly conserved from yeast to mammals. TOR proteins integrate signalsExpand
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Open Access
Estradiol downregulates miR-21 expression and increases miR-21 target gene expression in MCF-7 breast cancer cells
Select changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression correlate with estrogen receptor α (ERα) expression in breast tumors. miR-21 is higher in ERα positive than negative tumors, but no one has examined howExpand
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Apoptosis and the target genes of microRNA-21
MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is frequently up-regulated in cancer and the majority of its reported targets are tumor suppressors. Through functional suppression, miR-21 is implicated in practically everyExpand
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Role of matrix metalloproteinases in skeletal muscle
  • X. Chen, Y. Li
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Cell adhesion & migration
  • 1 October 2009
Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are key regulatory molecules in the formation, remodeling, and degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in both physiological and pathological processes inExpand
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