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Generalist genes and learning disabilities.
The authors reviewed recent quantitative genetic research on learning disabilities that led to the conclusion that genetic diagnoses differ from traditional diagnoses in that the effects of relevantExpand
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The heritability of general cognitive ability increases linearly from childhood to young adulthood
Although common sense suggests that environmental influences increasingly account for individual differences in behavior as experiences accumulate during the course of life, this hypothesis has notExpand
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The high heritability of educational achievement reflects many genetically influenced traits, not just intelligence
Significance Differences among children in educational achievement are highly heritable from the early school years until the end of compulsory education at age 16, when UK students are assessedExpand
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The Genetic and Environmental Origins of Learning Abilities and Disabilities in the Early School Years
Despite the importance of learning abilities and disabilities in education and child development, little is known about their genetic and environmental origins in the early school years. We reportExpand
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True grit and genetics: Predicting academic achievement from personality.
Grit-perseverance and passion for long-term goals-has been shown to be a significant predictor of academic success, even after controlling for other personality factors. Here, for the first time, weExpand
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Genetic influences in different aspects of language development: the etiology of language skills in 4.5-year-old twins.
The genetic and environmental etiologies of diverse aspects of language ability and disability, including articulation, phonology, grammar, vocabulary, and verbal memory, were investigated in a U.K.Expand
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Common aetiology for diverse language skills in 4 1/2-year-old twins.
Multivariate genetic analysis was used to examine the genetic and environmental aetiology of the interrelationships of diverse linguistic skills. This study used data from a large sample of 4Expand
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Understanding Neurocognitive Developmental Disorders Can Improve Education for All
Specific learning disabilities (SLDs) are estimated to affect up to 10% of the population, and they co-occur far more often than would be expected, given their prevalences. We need to understand theExpand
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Is Math Anxiety Always Bad for Math Learning? The Role of Math Motivation
The linear relations between math anxiety and math cognition have been frequently studied. However, the relations between anxiety and performance on complex cognitive tasks have been repeatedlyExpand
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Predicting educational achievement from DNA
A genome-wide polygenic score (GPS), derived from a 2013 genome-wide association study (N=127,000), explained 2% of the variance in total years of education (EduYears). In a follow-up studyExpand
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