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The Turkic Peoples in Medieval Arabic Writings
Prologue Introduction 1 Ibn Khurrdadhbih 2 Ibn al-Faqih 3 Abu Dulaf 4 Ibn al-Dawadari 5 el-Ayni 6 Ibn Hassul 7 al-Makin Jirjis Ibn al-Amid 8 Ibn al-Dawadari
Political and Social Aspects of Islamic Religious Endowments ( awqāf ): Saladin in Cairo (1169–73) and Jerusalem (1187–93)
The Ayyubid Sultan Salāḥ al-Dīn (Saladin) used the pious endowment ( waqf , pl. awqāf ; alternatively ḥubs, hubūs , pi. aḥbās ) as a major instrument in his efforts to gain political and militaryExpand
Islam as a peacemaking religion
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