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A Novel Porcine Circovirus Distantly Related to Known Circoviruses Is Associated with Porcine Dermatitis and Nephropathy Syndrome and Reproductive Failure
ABSTRACT Porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD) is clinically manifested by postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), respiratory and enteric disease, reproductive failure, andExpand
Effects of Temperature on the Transmission of West Nile Virus by Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae)
Abstract Culex tarsalis Coquillett females were infected with the NY99 strain of West Nile virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, WNV) and then incubated under constant temperatures ofExpand
Arterivirus molecular biology and pathogenesis.
Arteriviruses are positive-stranded RNA viruses that infect mammals. They can cause persistent or asymptomatic infections, but also acute disease associated with a respiratory syndrome, abortion orExpand
Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources
Solar cells are attractive candidates for clean and renewable power; with miniaturization, they might also serve as integrated power sources for nanoelectronic systems. The use of nanostructures orExpand
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV): Pathogenesis and Interaction with the Immune System.
This review addresses important issues of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection, immunity, pathogenesis, and control. Worldwide, PRRS is the most economicallyExpand
Discovery of a novel putative atypical porcine pestivirus in pigs in the USA.
Pestiviruses are some of the most significant pathogens affecting ruminants and swine. Here, we assembled a 11 276 bp contig encoding a predicted 3635 aa polyprotein from porcine serum with 68 %Expand
The Cysteine Protease Domain of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus Nonstructural Protein 2 Possesses Deubiquitinating and Interferon Antagonism Functions
ABSTRACT Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus nonstructural protein 2 (nsp2) contains a cysteine protease domain at its N terminus, which belongs to the ovarian tumor (OTU)Expand
The PRRSV replicase: Exploring the multifunctionality of an intriguing set of nonstructural proteins
Abstract Our knowledge about the structure and function of the nonstructural proteins (nsps) encoded by the arterivirus replicase gene has advanced in recent years. The continuedExpand
Efficient −2 frameshifting by mammalian ribosomes to synthesize an additional arterivirus protein
Programmed −1 ribosomal frameshifting (−1 PRF) is a gene-expression mechanism used to express many viral and some cellular genes. In contrast, efficient natural utilization of −2 PRF has not beenExpand
Overwintering of West Nile Virus in Southern California
Abstract West Nile virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, WNV) invaded southern California during 2003, successfully overwintered, amplified to epidemic levels, and then dispersed to everyExpand
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