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Coexistence of genetically modified (GM) and non-GM crops in the European Union. A review
It is concluded that some of the currently proposed isolation distances are not in line with the coexistence principles laid down by the European Commission: they are excessive from a scientific point of view and difficult to implement in practice. Expand
The co-existence between transgenic and non-transgenic maize in the European Union: a focus on pollen flow and cross-fertilization.
The ongoing discussion on the co-existence between genetically modified (GM) and non-GM crops becomes more important in the European Union (EU). With the recent inscription of 17 GM maize varietiesExpand
A mathematical model of exposure of non-target Lepidoptera to Bt-maize pollen expressing Cry1Ab within Europe
  • J. Perry, Y. Devos, +11 authors J. Sweet
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
  • 6 January 2010
Exposure of larvae of three non-target species to GM maize MON810 expresses a Cry1Ab insecticidal protein, derived from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), toxic to lepidopteran target pests such as Ostrinia nubilalis is analysed. Expand
Regulating coexistence of GM and non-GM crops without jeopardizing economic incentives.
This paper argues for flexible coexistence regulations that explicitly take into account the economic incentives for coexistence, and provides a timely and important framework for EU policy-makers, who are currently struggling to implement coherent coexistence laws in all member states. Expand
Teosinte and maize × teosinte hybrid plants in Europe−Environmental risk assessment and management implications for genetically modified maize
Overall, it is concluded that the envisaged harmful effects to the environment arising from gene flow from GM maize to teosinte/maize hybrids when cultivating or importing current commercial varieties of GM insect-resistant and herbicide-tolerant maize would be no greater than those from conventional maize. Expand
Feral genetically modified herbicide tolerant oilseed rape from seed import spills: are concerns scientifically justified?
It is concluded that feral oilseed rape in Europe should not be routinely managed, and certainly not in semi-natural habitats, as the benefits of such action would not outweigh the negative effects of management. Expand
Estimating the effects of Cry1F Bt‐maize pollen on non‐target Lepidoptera using a mathematical model of exposure
Mitigation measures of risks of Bt‐maize to sensitive larvae of non‐target lepidopteran species can be effective, but depend on host‐plant densities which are in turn affected by weed‐management regimes. Expand
Management of herbicide-tolerant oilseed rape in Europe: a case study on minimizing vertical gene flow.
It is obvious that the safe and sound integration of GMHT oilseed rape in Europe may require significant on-farm and off-farm management efforts, and crucial practical measures that can reduce vertical gene flow are recommended. Expand
Biosafety research for non-target organism risk assessment of RNAi-based GE plants
This paper proposes research areas that may be beneficial for future environmental risk assessments of RNAi-based genetically modified plants, with a particular focus on non-target organism assessment. Expand
Biotechnological uses of RNAi in plants: risk assessment considerations.
Using bioinformatics alone is not reliable, due to the lack of genomic data and insufficient knowledge of mechanisms governing mRNA-small (s)RNA interactions. Expand