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Xylooligosaccharides and fructooligosaccharides affect the intestinal microbiota and precancerous colonic lesion development in rats.
TLDR
XOS had a greater effect on the bacterial population than did FOS, and both XOS and FOS markedly reduced the number of aberrant crypt foci in the colon of DMH-treated rats. Expand
Dietary intake of xylooligosaccharides improves the intestinal microbiota, fecal moisture, and pH value in the elderly
TLDR
In conclusion, XOS supplementation was effective in promoting the intestinal health and did not show adverse effects on nutritional status in the elderly. Expand
Dietary, anthropometric, hematological and biochemical assessment of the nutritional status of centenarians and elderly people in Okinawa, Japan.
TLDR
The nutritional status assessed by ADL and anthropometric, hematological and biochemical parameters was poor in the centenarian subjects but was maintained in the elderly subjects except height and that the diet was not the major factor of their problems in the nutritional status. Expand
Antioxidant and cognitive promotion effects of anthocyanin-rich mulberry (Morus atropurpurea L.) on senescence-accelerated mice and prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
TLDR
Overall, supplementation of ME might be advantageous to the induction of an antioxidant defense system and for the improvement of memory deterioration in ageing animals. Expand
Dietary (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate Supplementation Counteracts Aging-Associated Skeletal Muscle Insulin Resistance and Fatty Liver in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse.
TLDR
Dietary supplementation with EGCG beneficially modulates glucose and lipid homeostasis in skeletal muscle and liver, leading to alleviation of aging-associated metabolic disorders. Expand
Effects of C-phycocyanin and Spirulina on Salicylate-Induced Tinnitus, Expression of NMDA Receptor and Inflammatory Genes
TLDR
Dietary supplementation with C-PC or Spirulina platensis water extract significantly reduced the salicylate-induced tinnitus and down-regulated the mRNAs expression of NR2B, TNF-α, IL-1β m RNAs, and COX-2 genes in the cochlea and IC of mice. Expand
Beneficial effect of Toona sinensis Roemor on improving cognitive performance and brain degeneration in senescence-accelerated mice
TLDR
It can be concluded that supplementation with either TSL, TSR or TSB extract could not only reduce the incidence of ß-amyloid plaques, but also improve learning and memory ability in senescence-accelerated-prone 8 mice. Expand
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor correlated with muscle strength in subjects undergoing stationary bicycle exercise training.
TLDR
After a twelve-week program of stationary bicycle exercise, serum BDNF concentration increased, and this change was positively correlated with muscle strength of lower-extremity extension, but not body weight. Expand
Spirulina prevents memory dysfunction, reduces oxidative stress damage and augments antioxidant activity in senescence-accelerated mice.
TLDR
Spirulina platensis may prevent the loss of memory possibly by lessening Aβ protein accumulation, reducing oxidative damage and mainly augmenting the catalase activity. Expand
Nanonized black soybean enhances immune response in senescence-accelerated mice
TLDR
The results suggest that the Nano-soy supplementation improved immune response in SAMP8 mice which may be attributable to higher daidzin content in the black soybean preparation. Expand
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