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Decoding the ancient Greek astronomical calculator known as the Antikythera Mechanism
The Antikythera Mechanism is a unique Greek geared device, constructed around the end of the second century bc. It is known that it calculated and displayed celestial information, particularly cycles
Calendars with Olympiad display and eclipse prediction on the Antikythera Mechanism
Though no month names on the Metonic calendar were previously known, all 12 months are identified, which are unexpectedly of Corinthian origin, and the cycles of human institutions with the celestial cycles embedded in the Mechanism’s gearwork are linked.
The Front Cover Inscription
The bronze plate known as the “Front Cover” of the Antikythera Mechanism had inscriptions on its outside face. This paper describes the reconstruction of the surviving parts of this text from the M...
The Back Dial and Back Plate Inscriptions
The rear face of the Mechanism consisted of a rectangular “Back Plate“ dominated by two large spiral dials. The upper five-turn Metonic Dial represented a 235-lunar-month calendrical cycle while the
The Front Dial and Parapegma Inscriptions
The dial at the center of the front face of the Antikythera Mechanism was surrounded by two scales, one representing the zodiac, the other the Egyptian calendar year. The Zodiac Scale was inscribed
The Back Cover Inscription
This paper presents an edition with translation and commentary of an extended text that was inscribed on a plate (or conceivably a pair of plates) that lay against the rear face of the Antikythera
The gears of the Antikythera Mechanism: an educational pathfinder to the solar system
Abstract The Antikythera Mechanism is the most sophisticated extant ancient astronomical instrument and analogue computer known and was assembled sometime between 150 and 100 BCE, almost a century
The Antikythera Mechanism — Real Progress Through Greek/UK/US Research
We give a brief report on the aims and objectives of a new international research effort to investigate the Antikythera Mechanism. The extraordinary nature and importance of the mechanism is