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A transcription factor, Cbfa1, which belongs to the runt-domain gene family, is expressed restrictively in fetal development. To elucidate the function of Cbfa1, we generated mice with a mutated Cbfa1 locus. Mice with a homozygous mutation in Cbfa1 died just after birth without breathing. Examination of their skeletal systems showed a complete lack of(More)
We aimed to analyze the differential gene expression in various murine dental tissues, expecting to find novel factors that are involved in tooth formation. We here describe the identification of a novel ameloblast-specific gene, amelotin (AMTN), by differential display polymerase chain-reaction (DD-PCR) analysis of microdissected ameloblasts, odontoblasts,(More)
The role of Cbfa1 (core binding factor alpha1), an essential transcriptional factor for osteoblast differentiation, in osteoclastogenesis was investigated in vitro and in vivo using Cbfa1-deficient calvarial cells and mice. Co-cultures of calvarial cells isolated from embryos with three different Cbfa1 genotypes (Cbfa1+/+, Cbfa1+/- and Cbfa1-/-) and normal(More)
Tooth development is mediated by sequential and reciprocal interactions between dental epithelium and mesenchyme under the molecular control of secreted growth factors and responsive transcription factors. We have previously identified the transcription factor Krox-26 as a potential regulator of tooth formation in mice. The purpose of this study was to(More)
We characterized calvaria-derived cells of Cbfa1-deficient mice to determine their stages of differentiation. In long-term culture, Cbfa1-deficient calvarial cells did not acquire osteoblastic phenotypes, but numerous adipocyte foci appeared with an increase in the expression of marker genes for adipocyte differentiation. In culture with BMP-2,(More)
Osteoblasts enzymatically isolated from newborn rat calvariae show various phenotypes including formation of mineralized bone nodules in culture. We investigated the temporal changes in osteoblast phenotype in these cells up to day 20 in culture. These cells formed unmineralized nodules by day 5. Mineralization was observed at the center of nodules by day(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are crucial factors of osteogenesis. We investigated the expressions of BMP subtypes in human salivary adenocarcinoma cell line (HSG-S8), tongue squamous cell (HSC-4) and gingival squamous cell (Ca9-22) carcinoma cell lines, gastric poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cell (MNK45) and signet ring cell (KATOIII) carcinoma(More)
PURPOSE Effects of radiation on the differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts were studied using cell cultures in which the cells differentiated into either muscle cells or osteoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS A mouse skeletal myoblast cell line, C2C12, was cultured and irradiated at confluence. Muscle differentiation was estimated by counting the number of myosin(More)
The aim of the present study was to describe the expression and distribution of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) in odontogenic tumors by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibody against bovine BMP (BMPMcAb). Eight types of odontogenic tumors (44 cases), including ameloblastoma (20 cases), cementifying fibroma (8 cases), benign cementoblastoma (5(More)