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A detailed analysis is presented of a method to eliminate transverse magnetization prior to each rf excitation in pulse sequences with TR less than T2. It is shown that artifact-free images with high T1 contrast can be obtained only if a phase shift that is incremented during each TR interval is applied to the transverse magnetization. Computer simulations(More)
Recently, several groups have proposed and demonstrated the use of rapid imaging methods, using short pulse repetition times and gradient-reversal echoes. Here, we analyze the behavior of the magnetization and the resulting image contrasts in such sequences for the case where the pulse repetition time TR is of the order of, or shorter than, the transverse(More)
Steady-state free precession (SSFP) pulse sequences employing gradient reversal echoes and short repetition time (TR) between successive rf excitation pulses offer high signal-to-noise ratio per unit time. However, SSFP sequences are very sensitive to motion. A new SSFP method is presented which avoids the image artifacts and loss of signal intensity due to(More)
PURPOSE Magnetic resonance guided ultrasonic therapy is a promising minimally invasive technology for constantly growing variety of clinical applications. Delivery of focused ultrasound (FUS) energy to the targeted point with optimal intensity is highly desired; however, due to tissue aberrations, optimal focal intensity is not always achieved. Especially(More)
Nyquist ghost artifacts are a serious issue in echo planar imaging. These artifacts primarily originate from phase difference between even and odd echo images and can be removed or reduced using phase correction methods. The commonly used 1D phase correction can only correct phase difference along readout axis. 2D correction is, therefore, necessary when(More)
Optimal control theory has been applied in the past for the design of RF pulses for selective excitation. This was the outcome of having established the controllability of the MR spin system for the selective excitation problem. "Minimum distance" was the main formulation used for the solution. Because of their robust behavior in the presence of(More)
Adiabatic pulses play an important role in magnetization inversion in the presence of RF field inhomogeneity. In this work the authors present an efficient adiabatic inversion pulse that is able to selectively invert magnetization over a large frequency bandwidth in a short time. The pulse is constructed in two steps: (i) the optimal trajectory is(More)
In this paper a new diffusion sensitive steady-state free precession (SSFP) pulse sequence with a reduced sensitivity to physiological brain motion is presented. The signal attenuation due to diffusion in this SSFP sequence is derived theoretically and confirmed experimentally with a phantom. It is shown that for brain tissue this signal attenuation is(More)
Discrimination between signals produced by fat and by water is an important issue in MRI. One efficient approach is to perform fat-suppression by selective inversion. This technique exploits the transition region of a selective RF pulse to invert the longitudinal lipid magnetization while leaving the magnetization of the water protons untouched. The(More)
Conventional diffusion MRI methods are mostly capable of portraying microarchitectural elements such as fiber orientation in white matter from detection of diffusion anisotropy, which arises from the coherent organization of anisotropic compartments. Double-pulsed-field-gradient MR methods provide a means for obtaining microstructural information such as(More)