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Primary erythermalgia is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterised by intermittent burning pain with redness and heat in the extremities. A previous study established the linkage of primary erythermalgia to a 7.94 cM interval on chromosome 2q, but the causative gene was not identified. We performed linkage analysis in a Chinese family with primary(More)
Ambient noise tomography is a rapidly emerging field of seismological research. This paper presents the current status of ambient noise data processing as it has developed over the past several years and is intended to explain and justify this development through salient examples. The ambient noise data processing procedure divides into four principal(More)
Low frequency drift (0.0-0.015 Hz) has often been reported in time series fMRI data. This drift has often been attributed to physiological noise or subject motion, but no studies have been done to test this assumption. Time series T*2-weighted volumes were acquired on two clinical 1.5 T MRI systems using spiral and EPI readout gradients from cadavers, a(More)
Relative quiescence is a defining characteristic of hematopoietic stem cells, while their progeny have dramatic proliferative ability and inexorably move toward terminal differentiation. The quiescence of stem cells has been conjectured to be of critical biologic importance in protecting the stem cell compartment, which we directly assessed using mice(More)
We have examined the role of two mesenchymal ligands of epithelial tyrosine kinase receptors in mouse mammary gland morphogenesis. In organ cultures of mammary glands, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF, scatter factor) promoted branching of the ductal trees but inhibited the production of secretory proteins. Neuregulin (NRG, neu differentiation factor)(More)
A convenient, Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression assay has been evaluated for rapid analysis of plant promoters and transcription factors in vivo. By simple infiltration of Agrobacterium cells carrying appropriate plasmid constructs into tobacco leaves in planta, reproducible expression assays could be conducted in as little as 2-3 days without(More)
Anteroposterior polarity in the vertebrate limb is thought to be regulated in response to signals derived from a specialized region of distal posterior mesenchyme, the zone of polarizing activity. Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) is expressed in the zone of polarizing activity and appears to mediate the action of the zone of polarizing activity. Here we have(More)
[1] Surface wave dispersion measurements from ambient seismic noise and array‐based measurements from teleseismic earthquakes observed with the EarthScope/USArray Transportable Array (TA) are inverted using a Monte Carlo method for a 3‐D V S model of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the western United States. The combination of data from these methods(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are neurodegenerative conditions that affect large motor neurons of the central nervous system. We have identified a familial juvenile PLS (JPLS) locus overlapping the previously identified ALS2 locus on chromosome 2q33. We report two deletion mutations in a new gene that are found both(More)