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The systolic pressure variation (SPV), which is the difference between the maximal and minimal values of the systolic blood pressure (SBP) after one positive-pressure breath, was studied in ventilated dogs subjected to hypotension. Mean arterial pressure was decreased to 50 mm Hg for 30 minutes either by hemorrhage (HEM, n = 7) or by continuous infusion of(More)
Methods for mechanical cardiac support by intermittent increases in the intrathoracic pressure have recently been described. In the present study the responses of the arterial pressure waveform to mechanical ventilation with and without synchronized external chest compression (SEC) in the presence of acute ventricular failure (AVF) were evaluated by(More)
Simple insertion of a nasogastric (NG) tube was successful in only 52 of 100 anesthetized intubated patients. After the larynx was manually pulled forward, the NG tube was successfully inserted in 33 patients. In the remaining 15 patients, the NG tube was inserted only with the aid of a finger or a laryngoscope used with Magill forceps. The difficulty of NG(More)
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