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Neuregulins (i.e. neuregulin-1 (NRG1), also called neu differentiation factor, heregulin, glial growth factor, and acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity) are known to induce growth and differentiation of epithelial, glial, neuronal, and skeletal muscle cells. Unexpectedly, mice with loss of function mutations of NRG1 or of either of two of their cognate(More)
Cardiac myocytes have been shown to express constitutively endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) (nitric oxide synthase 3), the activation of which has been implicated in the regulation of myocyte L-type voltage-sensitive calcium channel current (ICa-L) and myocyte contractile responsiveness to parasympathetic nervous system signaling, although this(More)
Neuregulins are a family of growth-promoting peptides known to be important in neural and mesenchymal tissue development. Targeted disruption of neuregulin (NRG)-1 or one of two of its cognate receptors, ErbB2 or ErbB4, results in embryonic lethality because of failure of the heart to develop. Although expression of NRGs and their receptors declines after(More)
Functional recovery after transplantation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-modified neural stem cells (NSCs) was evaluated in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia damage induced by temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated upregulated BDNF protein expression by rat(More)
BACKGROUND Previous results from our trial showed that adding oxaliplatin to radiotherapy (RT) increased survival in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) at 2 years. Here, we present the data of long-term efficacy and late toxic effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between January 2001 and January 2003, 115 Patients with(More)
Human angiotensinogen gene contains a C/A polymorphism at 20 bases upstream from the transcriptional initiation site. This sequence binds to the estrogen receptor when nucleoside A is present at this site and reporter constructs containing human angiotensinogen gene promoter with nucleoside A at -20 are transactivated on co-transfection of estrogen receptor(More)
Insect pests cause billions of dollars in agricultural losses, and attempts to kill them have resulted in growing threats from insecticide resistance, dietary pesticide pollution and environmental destruction. New approaches to control refractory insect pests are therefore needed. The host-plant preferences of insect pests rely on olfaction and are mediated(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate changes in mRNA and protein levels of biglycan (BGN), decorin (DCN) and fibromodulin (FMOD) in vaginal wall tissue from women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) compared to menstrual-cycle matched continent women. METHODS We determined mRNA expressions of BGN, DCN and FMOD by quantitative real-time PCR. They were localized in(More)
OBJECTIVE To separate the constituents from Eucommia ulmoides. METHOD The constituents were separated by the repeated chromatography and identified by spectral methods. RESULT The seven compounds were obtained, which were kaempferol(1), quercetin(2), astragalin(3), hirsutin(4), rutin(5), 3,4-dihydrobenzonic acid(6), ethyl glucopyranoside(7). (More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are the key factors in maintaining cell growth and differentiation in ovaries. BMPs initiate signaling by assembling BMP receptors and activating Smads, which in turn alter the expression of target genes. However, little is known about the effect of the deletion of the Bone morphogenetic protein receptor type IB (BMPRIB)(More)