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This study assessed the effects of pseudoginsenoside-F11, a component of Panax quinquefolium L., on scopolamine-impaired memory performance in mice and rats. In the one-trial step-down and step-through passive avoidance tests, although pseudo-ginsenoside-F11 used alone did not affect passive avoidance behaviour in naive mice, the latency of avoidance(More)
The antagonistic effect of pseudoginoside-F11 (PF(11)) on the various actions of morphine was studied in mice. The results demonstrated that PF(11), at the doses of 4 and 8 mg/kg, PO, significantly inhibited morphine (10 mg/kg, SC)-induced memory impairment in the Morris water maze test. PF(11), at 4 mg/kg, PO, did not influence conditioned place preference(More)
A new beta-dihydroagarofuran sesquiterpene ester, 1beta,2beta,6alpha, 13-tetraacetoxy-9alpha-cinnamoyloxy-beta-dihydroagarofuran (1), and the known compound 1beta,6alpha,13-triacetoxy-9alpha-benzoyloxy-beta-dihydroagarofuran (2), have been isolated from the fruits of Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Their structures have been elucidated on the basis of(More)
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