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Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) of wheat greatly reduces the quality and economic value of grain, and PHS resistance is one of the most important traits in wheat breeding. Red-grained wheat varieties are generally more resistant to PHS than white-grained ones; however, some are still susceptible. The red pigment of red-grained wheat is synthesized through the(More)
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) greatly reduces the quality and economic value of wheat grain. In this study, a total of 168 International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) wheat germplasm lines were examined to characterize the haplotypes of Vp-1A, Vp-1B and Vp-1D, which are located on the long arms of chromosomes 3A, 3B and 3D, respectively. Among(More)
Rats i.p. injected once with 10 mg/kg kainic acid exhibited clear seizure behavior (“wet-dog shakes,” rearing on the hindlimbs, and bilateral clonus). Pretreatment with L-arginine (L-Arg twice a day for 5 days) significantly decreased these manifestations. The medium dose of L-Arg (40 mg/kg) was found to be close to optimum; 10 and 160 mg/kg L-Arg provided(More)
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) resistance is one of the most important traits in wheat breeding. Characterization of Viviparous-1 (Vp-1) haplotypes in wheat related species will further our understanding of the role of Vp-1 in PHS resistance of bread wheats. The present paper reported Vp-1 haplotype analyzes of 77 accessions of wheat related species including(More)
Negative direct current (-DC 300 microA) stimulation was applied to the round window of the guinea pig cochlea to exhaust the pre-synaptic intracellular reserves of the transmitter in hair cells, and then the scala tympani was perfused respectively with L-glutamine, glutamine synthetase and glutaminase. Experimental results showed that the negative DC(More)
The scala tympani of the guinea pig was perfused with artificial perilymph and experimental solutions using an electrical micropump. In test perfusions, 20 mM L-aspartate produced depression of APN1 by 49% and 25 mM L-aspartate decreased the amplitude of APN1 by 42%. Both 20 mM and 25 mM L-aspartate were without effect on the CM, the latency or width of(More)
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