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Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an important grain crop that is grown in arid regions. Here we sequenced 916 diverse foxtail millet varieties, identified 2.58 million SNPs and used 0.8 million common SNPs to construct a haplotype map of the foxtail millet genome. We classified the foxtail millet varieties into two divergent groups that are strongly(More)
A 39-year-old woman presented with left visual disturbance and diplopia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-enhanced tumor in the left tentorium, cavernous sinus, and suprasellar region. Angiography demonstrated an abnormal origin of the ophthalmic artery from the anterior cerebral artery. The tumor was partially removed by left frontotemporal(More)
Regenerative medicine has rapidly evolved over the past decade owing to its potential applications to improve human health. Targeted differentiations of stem cells promise to regenerate a variety of tissues and/or organs despite significant challenges. Recent studies have demonstrated the vital role of the physical microenvironment in regulating stem cell(More)
Three-dimensional biomimetic scaffolds have widespread applications in biomedical tissue engineering because of their nanoscaled architecture, eg, nanofibers and nanopores, similar to the native extracellular matrix. In the conventional "top-down" approach, cells are seeded onto a biocompatible and biodegradable scaffold, in which cells are expected to(More)
UNLABELLED The primary aim of this study was to use serial (18)F-3'-deoxy-3'-fluorothymidine (FLT) PET/CT to measure tumor cell proliferation during radiotherapy of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus. METHODS Twenty-one patients with inoperable locally advanced SCC of the esophagus underwent serial (18)F-FLT PET/CT during radiotherapy. Each(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal types of cancer, and curative resection is only applicable to potentially limited cases due to early metastasis and local invasion. This study reports the influence of CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 on the progression of pancreatic cancer and highlights the correlation between the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis and the(More)
Cardiac myofibroblast differentiation, as one of the most important cellular responses to heart injury, plays a critical role in cardiac remodeling and failure. While biochemical cues for this have been extensively investigated, the role of mechanical cues, e.g., extracellular matrix stiffness and mechanical strain, has also been found to mediate cardiac(More)
Cell alignment plays a critical role in various cell behaviors including cytoskeleton reorganization, membrane protein relocation, nucleus gene expression, and ECM remodeling. Cell alignment is also known to exert significant effects on tissue regeneration (e.g., neuron) and modulate mechanical properties of tissues including skeleton, cardiac muscle and(More)
The fluctuating elastic boundary (FEB) model for molecular dynamics has recently been developed and validated through simulations of liquid argon. In the FEB model, a flexible boundary which consists of particles connected by springs is used to confine the solvated system, thereby eliminating the need for periodic boundary conditions. In this study, we(More)