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The Bain circuit, which has been used previously for anesthesia, was adopted for long-term mechanical ventilation for infants and children in a pediatric intensive care unit. When this ventilation system is used, humidifier temperatures must be kept at temperatures significantly lower than the recommended 50 degrees C to avoid excessive airway temperatures(More)
The Bain circuit, a modified Mapleson D system, is a lightweight, simple circuit which has been used primarily for anesthesia. This report describes its use for long-term mechanical ventilation for infants and children. The use of this circuit improved warming of inspired gas reducing patient heat loss and, additionally, it was believed to have resulted in(More)
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