Y Tawara

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Dantrolene has been known to affect intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) by inhibiting Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in cultured neurons. We were interested in examining this property of dantrolene in influencing the [Ca2+]i affected by the NMDA receptor ligands, KCl, L-type Ca2+ channel blocker nifedipine, and two other intracellular(More)
We present the results from a detailed ASCA/ROSAT X-ray study of three distant, massive cooling flows; Zwicky 3146 (z = 0.291), Abell 1835 (z = 0.252) and E1455+223 (Zwicky 7160; z = 0.258). Using multiphase models fitted to the ASCA spectra, we determine values for the temperature, metallicity, luminosity and cooling rates in the clusters. These results(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of mianserin and trazodone as antidepressants with serotonin 2 antagonist properties on negative symptoms and tardive dyskinesia in elderly patients with chronic schizophrenia. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study the dose of each drug was increased gradually, from 20 mg/day mianserin(More)
Amygdaloid kindling is a model of human temporal lobe epilepsy, in which excitability in limbic structures is permanently enhanced by repeated stimulations. We report here dendritic aberrations occurring in mice following kindled-seizures. Adult mice received a biphasic square wave pulse [495+/-25.5 (S.E.M.) microA 60 Hz, 200 micros duration, for 2 s](More)
In this paper, we show the importance of intracellular calcium (Ca2+) signaling systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders based on our recent work. Patients with affective disorders appear to have an enhanced intracellular Ca2+ rise in response to serotonin. We have observed effects of antidepressant drugs on intracellular Ca2+ signaling in rat(More)
Sialic acids play important roles in various biological functions. In the brain, evidence suggests that sialylation of glycoproteins and glycolipids affects neural plasticity. While the 18 sialyltransferase isoenzymes (STs) identified to date synthesize individual sialyl-oligosaccharide structures, they each exhibit activity toward more than one substrate(More)
To investigate the mechanisms by which lipopolysaccharide (LPS) affects Ca2+ signaling systems, we studied the effects of LPS on the serotonin (5-HT)- or thrombin-induced intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) increase in rat C6 glioma cells. Pretreatment of the cells with 1 microg/ml LPS for 24 hr significantly inhibited [Ca2+]i increase induced by 10 microM 5-HT-(More)
We have investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-1 beta and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on endothelin (ET)-induced intracellular Ca2+ rise in C6 rat glioma cells in order to study the mechanisms of their effects on Ca2+ signaling systems. Pretreatment with IL-1 beta (10(3) U/mL) and LPS (1 microgram/mL) for 24 h significantly inhibited 100 nM ET-1-induced(More)
In this study, the authors have demonstrated the effect of lithium, a typical mood stabilizer, on thrombin-evoked Ca2+ mobilization in C6 cells to elucidate the action mechanisms of the drug. Thrombin-induced Ca2 mobilization was reduced 24 hr after 1 or 10 mM lithium chloride (LiCl) pretreatment. The Ca2+ rise was reduced in a time-dependent manner, and(More)
To determine whether nitric oxide (NO) is a possible mediator in the inhibitory action of CCK-octapeptide (CCK-OP) on circular muscle contractions of the rat proximal colon, contractile activities of the circular muscle were recorded in the proximal colon of unrestrained conscious rats in the fasting state using a miniature strain gauge force transducer and(More)