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Radish (Raphanus sativus L., n = 9) is one of the major vegetables in Asia. Since the genomes of Brassica and related species including radish underwent genome rearrangement, it is quite difficult to perform functional analysis based on the reported genomic sequence of Brassica rapa. Therefore, we performed genome sequencing of radish. Short reads of(More)
A number of factors influencing microspore embryogenesis and plant regeneration were examined in five subspecies (rapa, oleifera, niposinica, perviridis, broccoletto) of B. rapa. Addition of 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) in 1/2 NLN-10 medium improved the embryo yield by 2–12 fold. Addition of activated charcoal (AC) in the medium was not effective for microspore(More)
Recently a new methodology based on local density of state (LDOS) calculations using topological and semiempirical methods was proposed to identify the carcinogenic activity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this work we perform a comparative study of this methodology with principal component analysis (PCA) and neural networks (NN). The PCA and(More)
The wild soybean (Glycine soja), which is the progenitor of cultivated soybean (Glycine max), is expected to offer more information about genetic variability and more useful mutants for evolutionary research and breeding applications. Here, a total of 1,600 wild soybean samples from China were investigated for genetic variation with regard to the soybean(More)
We investigated the molecular basis of an extremely late bolting, non-heading ‘Leafy Green Parental Line No. 2 (Tsukena No. 2)’, to obtain suitable DNA markers for breeding the late bolting trait in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis). We found that Tsukena No. 2 contains a ~5 kbp large insertion near the 5′ end of the first intron of BrFLC2,(More)
Turnip (Brassica rapa L. em. Metzg. subsp. rapa), which is considered to be a primitive type of cultivated B. rapa, is cultivated worldwide as vegetable and fodder. To elucidate the phylogenetic relationships of Eurasian turnips, we examined their morphology and analyzed 6 cpSSR and 18 nuSSR loci in 87 accessions. Examination of seed coat mucilage and leaf(More)
We identified three physical positions associated with embryo yield in microspore culture of Brassica rapa by segregation distortion analysis. We also confirmed their genetic effects on the embryo yield. Isolated microspore culture is well utilized for the production of haploid or doubled-haploid plants in Brassica crops. Brassica rapa cv. ‘Ho Mei’ is one(More)
Factors affecting reliable plant regeneration from unfertilized ovule culture of gentians (Gentiana spp.) were examined. Cold pretreatment (4°C) of flower buds enhanced or maintained production of embryo-like structure (ELS). When 43 genotypes were surveyed in two different labs, 40 of them produced ELSs ranging from 0.01 to 26.5 ELSs per flower bud. No(More)
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