Y. Tagashira

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The Japanese mouse, Mus musculus molossinus, has long been considered an independent subspecies of the house mouse. A survey of restriction-site haplotypes of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) showed that Japanese mice have two main maternal lineages. The most common haplotype is closely related to the mtDNA of the European subspecies M. m. musculus. The other(More)
Effects of intravertebral, intracarotid, and intravenous infusion of acetylcholine on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism was studied in 17 baboons anesthetized with pentobarbital. We measured CBF by the bilateral jugular venous outflow technique using two electromagnetic flowmeters. Effect of acetylcholine infusion on cerebral vascular response to(More)
The manipulation of seed phosphorus is important for seedling growth and environmental P sustainability in agriculture. The mechanism of regulating P content in seed, however, is poorly understood. To study regulation of total P, we focused on phytic acid (inositol hexakisphosphate; InsP₆) biosynthesis-related genes, as InsP₆ is a major storage form of P in(More)
Ultrastructural changes in the zone of clamping of the middle cerebral artery of the squirrel monkey are described after application of a surgical clip. The experimental model utilized has been widely applied to the study of cerebral ischemia and possibly has relevance to clamps applied to the cerebral vessels during neurosurgical treatment of patients with(More)
The ultrastructural responses of cerebral tissue following temporary periods (1/2, 1,2,3, or 4 hour) of right, middle cerebral artery, (MCA) occlusion were studied acutely after a 3 day or 7 day interval following the removal of the MCA clip. Cortical and basal ganglia tissues for each ischemic duration were compared at 3 post-occlusive periods (acute, 3(More)
For the first time, change in the proton longitudinal relaxation times (T1) of rat tissues has been examined throughout the whole process of azo-dye hepatocarcinogenesis. Two maxima of the T1 values were observed for liver, on Day 60 and after Day 120, and these changes correlated well with the changes in water content. The first peak was ascribed to the(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured in baboons by intracarotid injection of 133Xe and a gamma camera after acute cerebral infarction was induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). A steady state of rCBF was measured four hour after MCA occlusion and was followed by bilateral ligation of the external cartoid arteries (ECA).(More)
Cerebral autoregulation and vastomotor responsiveness to carbon dioxide (CO2) were measured quantitatively by the use of the autoregulation index and chemical index, respectively, in normal baboons before and after intravertebral and intracarotid infusion of the anticholinesterase agent, neostigmine methylsufate (Prostigmin). Continuous measurements were(More)
This study describes the ultrastructural characteristics of the middle cerebral artery and its related neural elements in the squirrel monkey and baboon. The cytoarchitecture of the M-1 segment as well as that of the smaller extracerebral and intracerebral vessels is comparable in both animals. Smooth muscle elements are occasionally found within the(More)