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Based on their differentiation ability, bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are a good source for cell therapy. Using a cynomolgus monkey peripheral nervous system injury model, we examined the safety and efficacy of Schwann cells induced from MSCs as a source for auto-cell transplantation therapy in nerve injury. Serial treatment of monkey MSCs with reducing(More)
Nocturnal enuresis in children and nocturia in the elderly are two highly prevalent clinical conditions characterized by a mismatch between urine production rate in the kidneys and storage in the urinary bladder during the sleep phase. Here we demonstrate, using a novel method for automated recording of mouse micturition, that connexin43, a bladder gap(More)
A new concept for wound therapy is the initiation of the regeneration of epidermal and dermal layers with appendages for skin function recovery. Bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal and epidermal stem cells (BMSCs and SSCs) are hypothesized to be able to home toward or to be transplanted to wound sites for skin repair and regeneration, but this awaits(More)
A cell-based therapy for the replacement of dopaminergic neurons has been a long-term goal in Parkinson's disease research. Here, we show that autologous engraftment of A9 dopaminergic neuron-like cells induced from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) leads to long-term survival of the cells and restoration of motor function in hemiparkinsonian macaques.(More)
Recent studies have shown that new neurons are continuously generated by endogenous neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult mammalian brain. Some of these new neurons migrate to injured brain tissues and differentiate into mature neurons, suggesting that such new neurons may be able to replace neurons lost to degenerative disease or(More)
Occipital EEG responses to a single photic flash were studied by using a complex demodulation technique. Individual EEGs were first digitally filtered by making use of the Ormsby band-pass filter. Envelopes of the alpha (8-12 c/sec) and of the low frequency (3-7 c/sec) activities were obtained in terms of the demodulation calculation. Both individual and(More)
PURPOSE To determine the sequence of cellular changes associated with a new rabbit model of subretinal neovascularization (SRN) induced by subretinal injection of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-impregnated microspheres. METHODS bFGF-impregnated gelatin microspheres, prepared by forming a polyion complex between gelatin and bFGF, were subretinally(More)
The eye has an environment that is specific unto itself in terms of pharmacokinetics: the inner and outer blood-retinal barriers separate the retina and the vitreous from the systemic circulation and vitreous body, which physiologically has no cellular components, occupies the vitreous cavity, an inner space of the eye, and reduces practical convection of(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a biodegradable hydrogel as a drug-delivery medium for the inner ear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was chosen as the agent to be administered. METHOD First, we used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure BDNF concentrations in the cochlear fluid after placing a hydrogel(More)
PURPOSE The conjugation of drugs with water-soluble polymers such as poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) tends to prolong the half-life of drugs and facilitate the accumulation of drugs in tissues involving neovascularization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of TNP-470-PVA conjugate on the proliferation of endothelial cells in vitro and on(More)