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These experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that the antihypertensive action of the converting enzyme inhibitor captopril in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats is associated with an inhibition of norepinephrine release from peripheral sympathetic neurons. Radiotracer techniques were used to measure norepinephrine clearance and spillover(More)
By use of an in vivo canine chambered stomach preparation in which the gastric mucosa was partitioned into two equal halves, the effect of topical 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 (DMPGE2) (1 microgram/ml of perfusate) and 8% and 40% ethanol on tissue levels of nonprotein sulfhydryl compounds was assessed. Both DMPGE2 and 8% ethanol significantly increased (P less than(More)
Effects of ethanol on Na+, Cl-, 3-O-methyl glucose (3-O-MG), and L-alanine fluxes were studied in the isolated rattit jejunal mucosa. Ethanol (3% v/v present on both sides of the mucosa) decreased electrical potential difference (PD), short-circuit current (Isc) and inhibited active transport of Na+, 3-O-MG, and L-alanine. This concentration also increased(More)
The electrophysiological effects of two potent inhibitors of gastric acid secretion, burimamide and 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (dm-PGE2), were determined in an in vivo histamine-stimulated canine stomach preparation and an in vitro canine gastric mucosal preparation. In the in vivo stomach preparation, intravenous burimamide caused a decrease in acid(More)
1. Cyclic AMP (10 mM), present in the serosal solution of isolated dog gastric mucosa, increased potential difference (p.d.), short-circuit current (ISC), net flux of Na+ from the mucosal to serosal side, and the unidirectional flux of K+ from the mucosal to serosal side. Cyclic AMP did not stimulate H+ or Cl- secretion. 2. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP (DBcAMP, 1(More)
By use of an in vitro canine gastric mucosal preparation, we evaluated the effects of ethanol (2, 4, 6, and 8%, vol/vol) and indomethacin (2.2 X 10(-4)M), with and without 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 pretreatment, on net sodium transport (JNanet) (mucosal to serosal) across gastric epithelium. Although administration of 2 or 4% ethanol to the mucosal bathing(More)
Studies were conducted with in vivo and in vitro canine stomach preparations. Instillation of 5, 10, and 20 mM bile salts in TES bufer (pH 7.4) into the nonsecreting stomach in vivo caused a progressive decrease in electrical potential difference (PD) and an increase in electrical resitance (R). The rate of acid secretion, determined by the pH-stat method(More)
Cysts of the parathyroid glands are uncommon, and, moreover functioning parathyroid cysts that cause primary hyperparathyroidism are rare. Herein is reported a 53-year-old female with primary hyperparathyroidism accompanied by 2 parathyroid cysts, in one of which adenoma was noticed. Forty-two cases of parathyroid cysts were found in the Japanese(More)
As calcium oxalate stones are the most important component in urolithiasis, an experimental model has to be designed to clarify the pathogenesis and aid in their prevention. Hyperoxaluria as well as hypercalciuria were produced in rats by administering ethylene glycol (0.5%, in drinking water administered ad libitum) and 1-alpha (OH) D3 (0.5 micrograms/rat(More)