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The lack of exotherm during setting, absence of monomer and improved release of incorporated therapeutic agents has resulted in the development of glass ionomer cements (GICs) for biomedical applications. In order to improve biocompatibility and biomechanically match GICs to bone, hydroxyapatite-ionomer (HAIonomer) hybrid cements were developed. Ultra-fine(More)
We have created a porous bioresorbable nanocomposite bone scaffold that chemically, structurally and mechanically matched natural bone so that it could be recognized and remodeled by natural bone. Containing collagen fibers and synthetic apatite nanocrystals, our scaffold has high strength for supporting the surrounding tissue. The foam-like scaffold has a(More)
UNLABELLED The fast-setting reaction of 'fast-set' highly viscous glass-ionomer cements (GIC) may result in superior mechanical properties and good wear resistance as the material can theoretically achieve sufficient strength to resist masticatory loads within a shorter time. The aim of this study was to determine the hardness, strength (compressive and(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the effect of matrix stiffness on the phenotype and differentiation pathway of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs differentiated into neural, myogenic or osteogenic phenotypes depending on whether they were cultured on two-dimensional (2D) substrates of elastic moduli in the lower (0.1-1 kPa), intermediate (8-17 kPa) or(More)
AIM We aim to develop transparent UV-blocking photochromic soft contact lenses via polymerization of a bicontinuous nanoemulsion. MATERIALS & METHODS Transparent nanostructured polymers were prepared by incorporating a polymerizable surfactant and thermal initiator together with water, monomers, UV blockers and photochromic dyes. The polymers were(More)
Chemotropic proteins guide neuronal projections to their final target during embryo development and are useful to guide axons of neurons used in transplantation therapies. Site-specific delivery of the proteins however is needed for their application in the brain to avoid degradation and pleiotropic affects. In the present study we report the use of Poly(More)
Core-shell polymer microspheres with poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) core and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) shell are developed for the long-term subconjunctival release of brimonidine tartrate (BT) in order to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in the treatment of glaucoma. The PLLA-rich shell acts as a diffusion barrier, enabling linear release of BT over(More)
Thixotropic materials, which become less viscous under stress and return to their original state when stress is removed, have been used to deliver gel-cell constructs and therapeutic agents. Here we show that a polymer-silica nanocomposite thixotropic gel can be used as a three-dimensional cell culture material. The gel liquefies when vortexed--allowing(More)
Highly porous, type I collagen-chondroitin-6-sulfate (collagen-GAG) scaffolds, produced by freeze-drying techniques, have proven to be of value as implants to facilitate the regeneration of certain tissues. The objective of this project was to evaluate changes in the microstructure and mechanical properties of selected collagen-GAG scaffolds as they degrade(More)
The contractile force developed by fibroblasts has been studied by measuring the macroscopic contraction of porous collagen-GAG matrices over time. We have identified the microscopic deformations developed by individual fibroblasts which lead to the observed macroscopic matrix contraction. Observation of live cells attached to the matrix revealed that(More)