Y. Shinohara

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In this study, we aimed to assess how sample sizes affect confidence of stand-scale transpiration (E) estimates calculated from sap flux (F(d)) and sapwood area (A(S_tree)) measurements of individual trees. In a Japanese cypress plantation, we measured F(d) and A(S_tree) in all trees (n = 58) within a 20 x 20 m study plot, which was divided into four 10 x(More)
Lumican belongs to the small leucine-rich repeat proteoglycan (SLRP) gene family and has been reported to exist in the cornea, inter-vertebral disc and tendon. Lumican plays a significant role in the assembly and regulation of collagen fibres. The human temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) disc is made up of fibrocartilage with an extracellular matrix (ECM)(More)
Small leucine-rich repeat proteoglycans (SLRP) are present in the extracellular matrix of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc. Lumican and fibromodulin, classified as class 2 SLRPs, play important roles in TMJ assembly, proliferation and inflammation. Degenerative change in the TMJ disc gives rise to the process of internal derangement (ID). In this(More)
Elevated IL-7 in the target tissues is closely associated with multiple autoimmune disorders, including Sjögren's syndrome (SS). We recently found that IL-7 plays an essential role in the development and onset of primary SS (pSS) in C57BL/6.NOD-Aec1Aec2 mice, a well-defined mouse model of primary SS. However, environmental signals that cause excessive IL-7(More)
Tenascin-C (TNC) is a large hexameric extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is expressed in developing organs and tumors. It has been reported that TNC is expressed in inflamed synovial membranes and deformed discs of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder. However, the role of TNC in TMJ is not fully known. In this study, the role of TNC in fibrous(More)
BACKGROUND Tacrolimus is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and 3A5. We investigated the influence of CYP3A5 polymorphism and concurrent use of azole antifungal agents (AZ) on the pharmacokinetics of a once-daily modified-release tacrolimus formulation (Tac-QD) in patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). DESIGN AND METHODS(More)
Plant-plant interspecific competition via pollinators occurs when the flowering seasons of two or more plant species overlap and the pollinator fauna is shared. Negative sexual interactions between species (reproductive interference) through improper heterospecific pollen transfer have recently been reported between native and invasive species demonstrating(More)
Canopy transpiration (E C) varies among forest stands with different structures. To evaluate different E C for Japanese cypress we observed E C for 5 months, by use of the sap flow technique, in two adjacent stands of different ages with contrasting structures. Mean diameter at breast height was 13.5 and 44.6 cm and stem density was 2100 and 350 trees ha−1(More)
The aim of this paper was to determine whether the interaction between IGF, IGFBP, and VN modulates the functions of porcine EOE cells. Enamel organs from 6-month-old porcine third molars were dissociated into single epithelial cells and subcultured on culture dishes pretreated with VN, IGF-I, and IGFBP-3 (IGF-IGFBP-VN complex). The subcultured EOE cells(More)
We report a first-principles computational method to describe many-electron dynamics in crystalline solids. The method is based on the time-dependent density functional theory, solving the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equation in real time and real space. The calculation is efficiently parallelized by distributing computations of different k-points among(More)