Learn More
Tissue regeneration during wound healing or cancer growth and progression depends on the establishment of a cellular microenvironment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are part of this cellular microenvironment, where they functionally modulate cell homing, angiogenesis, and immune modulation. MSC recruitment involves detachment of these cells from their niche,(More)
We consider the optimal control of an unreliable manufacturing system with restarting costs. In 1986 and 1988, Akella and Kumar (for the in nite horizon discounted cost) and Bielecki and Kumar (for the in nite horizon average expected cost) show that the optimal policy is given by an optimal inventory level (“hedging point policy”). Inspired by these simple(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), aside from its vascular fibrinolytic action, exerts various effects within the body, ranging from synaptic plasticity to control of cell fate. Here, we observed that by activating plasminogen and matrix metalloproteinase-9, tPA expands murine bone marrow-derived CD45(-)TER119(-)Sca-1(+)PDGFRα(+) mesenchymal stromal cells(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Activated proteases such as plasmin and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are activated in intestinal tissues of patients with active inflammatory bowel diseases. We investigated the effect of plasmin on the progression of acute colitis. METHODS Colitis was induced in Mmp9(-/-), Plg(-/-), and C57BL/6 (control) mice by the administration(More)
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a life-threatening disorder characterized by a cytokine storm and multiorgan dysfunction due to excessive immune activation. Although abnormalities of coagulation and fibrinolysis are major components of MAS, the role of the fibrinolytic system and its key player, plasmin, in the development of MAS remains to be(More)
Aside from a role in clot dissolution, the fibrinolytic factor, plasmin is implicated in tumorigenesis. Although abnormalities of coagulation and fibrinolysis have been reported in multiple myeloma patients, the biological roles of fibrinolytic factors in multiple myeloma (MM) using in vivo models have not been elucidated. In this study, we established a(More)
Thymic regeneration is a crucial function that allows for the generation of mature T cells after myelosuppression like irradiation. However molecular drivers involved in this process remain undefined. Here, we report that the angiogenic factor, epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 (Egfl7), is expressed on steady state thymic endothelial cells (ECs) and(More)
The tumor microenvironment is recognized as a key factor in the multiple stages of cancer progression, mediating local resistance, immune-escape and metastasis. Cancer growth and progression require remodeling of the tumor stromal microenvironment, such as the development of tumor-associated blood vessels, recruitment of bone marrow-derived cells and(More)
Adhesive small bowel obstruction remains a common problem for surgeons. After surgery, platelet aggregation contributes to coagulation cascade and fibrin clot formation. With clotting, fibrin degradation is simultaneously enhanced, driven by tissue plasminogen activator-mediated cleavage of plasminogen to form plasmin. The aim of this study was to(More)
  • 1