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We found the expression of neurofilament was very low in undifferentiated human adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), but its expression could be significantly induced after treatment with combination of growth factors. Approximately 16% of hMSCs differentiated into cells expressing neurofilament after treatment with a combination of FGF and RA,(More)
In this study, we have identified novel splice variants of the Na+ channel alpha subunit mRNA from cultured rat astrocytes and neuroblastoma cells. These splice variants are characterized by premature truncation or deletion of a segment in the third domain of the Na+ channel alpha subunit. The expression of three splice variants was upregulated by exposure(More)
Although the pattern of expression of various sodium channel alpha- and beta-subunits changes as development proceeds, the mechanisms that control the expression of these subunits are not yet understood. To study the role of nerve growth factor (NGF) in modulating the expression of sodium channel subunits, we used in situ hybridization cytochemistry to(More)
The expression of rat brain sodium channel alpha-subunit mRNAs I, II and III and a putative glial cell-specific sodium channel (NaG) mRNA was examined in cultured astrocytes from P-0 rat spinal cord by RNA blot hybridization and by non-isotope in situ hybridization cytochemistry utilizing two independent sets of isoform-specific RNA probes. Sodium channel(More)
It is well known that increased cAMP levels in cultured astrocytes can convert flat polygonal shaped astrocytes into process-bearing, stellate astrocytes. In this study, we have examined the possible existence of astrocyte regional heterogeneity in morphological changes in response to cAMP stimulation. Primary astrocyte cultures were prepared from six(More)
There has recently been an increased interest in the use of hypertonic saline solutions in the fluid resuscitation of trauma victims and to control intracranial hypertension. In this study, the cerebral and haemodynamic effects of a 3.2% hypertonic saline solution were compared with those of either a 0.9% saline or 20% solution were compared with those of(More)
We studied whether eugenol provides neuroprotection against delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region following a 5 min occlusion of the common carotid arteries bilaterally under either free-regulating temperature (TF) or maintained temperature (TM, 37 degrees C) conditions in gerbils. Right after occlusion of the carotid arteries, we injected(More)
In the present study, a chronological and comparative analysis of the immunoreactivities of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits in hippocampus of both seizure resistant (SR) and seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils was made in order to clarify the temporal and spatial alterations of NMDA receptor subunit expressions in the hippocampus complex. The(More)