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It is well known that increased cAMP levels in cultured astrocytes can convert flat polygonal shaped astrocytes into process-bearing, stellate astrocytes. In this study, we have examined the possible existence of astrocyte regional heterogeneity in morphological changes in response to cAMP stimulation. Primary astrocyte cultures were prepared from six(More)
We studied whether eugenol provides neuroprotection against delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region following a 5 min occlusion of the common carotid arteries bilaterally under either free-regulating temperature (TF) or maintained temperature (TM, 37 degrees C) conditions in gerbils. Right after occlusion of the carotid arteries, we injected(More)
Mood disorders and antidepressant therapy involve alterations of monoaminergic and glutamatergic transmission. The protein S100A10 (p11) was identified as a regulator of serotonin receptors, and it has been implicated in the etiology of depression and in mediating the antidepressant actions of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Here we report that p11(More)
In the present study, a chronological and comparative analysis of the immunoreactivities of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits in hippocampus of both seizure resistant (SR) and seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils was made in order to clarify the temporal and spatial alterations of NMDA receptor subunit expressions in the hippocampus complex. The(More)
The brainstem origin of the efferent neurons of the vagus nerve in the house musk shrew, an animal species which has been recently used in researches on emesis, was studied using the retrograde tracing method. The vagus nerve was exposed and cut at the mid-cervical level below the nodose ganglion. Horseradish peroxidase was applied to the proximal end of(More)
The central origin of vagal efferents innervating the esophagus and stomach in the house musk shrew, Suncus murinus, was studied using the retrograde tracing technique. The animals were perfused with fixative 48-72 h after HRP injection and sections were processed by HRP histochemistry. HRP application into the gastroesophagus resulted in bilateral(More)
We report upon the distribution of galanin-immunoreactive (GAL-IR) cells in the lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of the rat, and upon the distribution of GAL-IR cells, which also contain calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-, substance P (SP)- and somatostatin (SOM)-immunoreactivity. Neuropeptide-immunoreactive lumbar DRG cells were 55.8% for CGRP, 12.7%(More)
The distribution and characteristics of serotonin-immunoreactivity in the olfactory bulb of the laboratory shrew (Suncus murinus, insectivore) was studied immunohistochemically. Serotonergic neurons were found only in the subependymal layer of the main olfactory bulb. These neurons were 8-12 microm in size and bipolar in shape. These serotonergic neurons(More)
The distribution and characteristics of cholecystokinin (CCK)-like immunoreactive (LIR) nerve fibers was examined in the cat olfactory bulb using immunohistochemistry. CCK-LIR cell bodies were not found; fine varicose CCK-LIR fibers were observed in the most layers. In the main olfactory bulb, no staining was seen in the olfactory nerve layer and white(More)
In present study, we investigated the immunohistochemical distribution of somatostatin (SRIF) in the hippocampal complex of the Mongolian gerbil and its association with different sequelae of spontaneous seizures, in an effort to identify the roles of SRIF in the self-recovery mechanisms in these animals. In the dentate gyrus and subiculum, SRIF(More)