Learn More
MicroRNA (miRNA)-guided target RNA expression is vital for a wide variety of biological processes in eukaryotes. Currently, miRBase (version 13) lists 142 and 353 miRNAs from Arabidopsis and rice (Oryza sativa), respectively. The integration of miRNAs in diverse biological networks relies upon the confirmation of their RNA targets. In contrast with the(More)
The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) as gene regulators has led to a paradigm shift in the understanding of post-transcriptional gene regulation in plants and animals. miRNAs have emerged as master regulators of plant growth and development. Evidence suggesting that miRNAs play a role in plant stress responses arises from the discovery that miR398 targets(More)
Expression profiling of the 5' ends of uncapped mRNAs ("degradome" sequencing) can be used to empirically catalog microRNA (miRNA) targets, to probe patterns of miRNA hairpin processing, to examine mRNA decay, and to analyze accumulation of endogenous short interfering RNA (siRNA) precursors. We sequenced and analyzed the degradome of the moss(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and small-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have emerged as important regulators of gene expression in higher eukaryotes. Recent studies indicate that genomes in higher plants encode lineage-specific and species-specific miRNAs in addition to the well-conserved miRNAs. Leguminous plants are grown throughout the world for food and forage(More)
Global warming predictions indicate that temperatures will increase by another 2-6°C by the end of this century. High temperature is a major abiotic stress limiting plant growth and productivity in many areas of the world. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a model herbaceous bioenergy crop, due to its rapid growth rate, reliable biomass yield, minimal(More)
MicroRNA395 (miR395) is a conserved miRNA that targets a low-affinity sulfate transporter (AST68) and three ATP sulfurylases (APS1, APS3 and APS4) in higher plants. In this study, At2g28780 was confirmed as another target of miR395 in Arabidopsis. Interestingly, several dicots contained genes homologous to At2g28780 and a cognate miR395 complementary site(More)
The effects of amino acids (aa) and N-(diisopropyloxyphosphoryl)-amino acids (DIPP-aa) on cell membranes were investigated by evaluating water and methyl urea permeability. Permeability coefficients Pf and Ps were determined by standard osmotic methods for cells ofPisum sativum stem base epidermis after 20 min exposure to a 5 mM solution of each aa and(More)
In plants, microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate their mRNA targets by precisely guiding cleavages between the 10th and 11th nucleotides in the complementary regions. High-throughput sequencing-based methods, such as PARE or degradome profiling coupled with a computational analysis of the sequencing data, have recently been developed for identifying miRNA targets on(More)
Wheat is the most highly cultivated plant species for its grain production throughout the world. Because small RNA-dependent gene regulation is critical for successful completion of plant life cycle including its productivity, identification of not only miRNAs but also confirming their targets in wheat is important. To identify small RNAs including novel(More)
The rural village, Taizhou of Zhejiang Province, had been exposed to e-waste recycling for years, the polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) levels in hens and ducks were high. The concentration of ∑PBDEs in the brain was the lowest among tissues of individual hens and ducks after correction for the respective lipid content. Also, the concentration ratio of(More)