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Long-term visual system deficits occur in man and animals following developmental and occupational lead exposure. Recent experimental data suggests that the adult brain is not altered following lead exposure. Therefore, the aim of these studies was to use the retina as a CNS model to examine and compare the morphological, biochemical and(More)
Autoantibodies against recoverin are found in the sera of patients with cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) syndrome. In these studies we examined the effect of anti-recoverin antibodies from the sera of patients with CAR and rat monoclonal antibody on the retinas of Lewis rats. Anti-recoverin autoanti-bodies penetrated into the photoreceptor and bipolar(More)
Lead exposure results in the selective apoptotic loss of rods and bipolar cells. During and following developmental lead exposure rod/retinal cGMP phosphodiesterase expression and activity are delayed in onset and decreased, [Ca2+] is elevated, and mitochondrial ATP synthesis is decreased. In vitro studies, using retinas incubated in Ca2+ and/or Pb2+,(More)
PURPOSE The promoter region of the rod-specific beta subunit of cGMP PDE (beta-PDE) and opsin genes contains highly conserved cis-acting elements, which include an AP-1 and/or Nrl response element (NRE: An extended AP-1 like sequence). Transactivation of AP-1 or NRE appears necessary to drive expression of these rod-specific genes during adulthood, however,(More)
The present morphometric study was designed to assess the dimensions and shape of keratocytes and their nuclei by transmission electron microscopy, and to assess these features in relation to the stromal lamellae. Corneas from 10 albino rabbits were fixed in 2% glutaraldehyde in cacodylate buffer (pH 7.4, 300 mOsm/kg) and embedded in Spurr's epoxy resin.(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare cell dimensions and cell layer organization of the corneal endothelium after chemical fixation. Rabbit corneas (9-10 weeks of age) were prepared immediately postmortem for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using either a widely used high osmolality fixative(More)
The purpose of this study was to objectively assess the tarsal accessory lacrimal gland of Wolfring and its excretory duct by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The upper eyelid of 6 female grey rabbits (2 kg) was fixed in the fully extended configuration with buffered glutaraldehyde. At the tarsal/orbital portion of the palpebral conjunctiva, a series(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a low osmolality glutaraldehyde fixative and a high osmolality glutaraldehyde-formaldehyde fixative on the structural organization of a tissue that could be exposed to low and high osmolality environments. The corneas of freshwater trout were prepared for transmission and scanning electron microscopy(More)
Acanthamoeba culbertsoni was used in this study inasmuch as its susceptibility to disinfection has not been examined. Although heat was found to be the most effective means of disinfection some cysts survived this procedure. Chlorhexidine exhibited a dose-response kill curve but the most effective concentrations are also corneo-toxic.(More)
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