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While adipocyte differentiation has been studied extensively in murine cultures, the lack of a readily available preadipocyte model has hindered equivalent studies in man. We describe methods for the isolation and culture of primary human stromal cells from surgical adipose tissue specimens. In vitro, the stromal cells rapidly differentiate in response to a(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipocyte infiltration of the musculoskeletal system is well recognized as a hallmark of aging, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. Intermuscular adipocytes might serve as a benign storage site for surplus lipid or play a role in disrupting energy homeostasis as a result of dysregulated lipolysis or secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. This(More)
We have previously shown that both a commercially available mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers and the trans-10, cis-12 isomer of CLA reduced the triglyceride (TG) content and induced apoptosis in differentiating cultures of murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. However, the influence of CLA isomers on differentiating human (pre)adipocytes is unknown.(More)
The current study was done to assess if heterogeneity existed in the degree of adipogenesis in stromal cells (preadipocytes) from multiple donors. In addition to conventional lipid-based methods, we have employed a novel signal amplification technology, known as branched DNA, to monitor expression of an adipocyte specific gene product aP2. The fatty acid(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine if the antiobesity actions of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) observed in vivo are due to an influence on the proliferation and differentiation of primary cultures of stromal-vascular (SV) cells isolated from human adipose tissue. DESIGN SV cells were isolated from subcutaneous adipose tissue obtained(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if chronic administration of a low level of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) (10 micrograms/ml drinking water) attenuates adiposity in male Osborne-Mendel rats fed low-fat (11% of kcals) vs high fat (46% of kcals) diets. DESIGN Rats were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups for 6 wk in this 2 x 2 factorial study.(More)
The purpose of these studies was to determine whether the antiobesity actions of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA-sulfate (DHEAS) observed in vivo are due to an influence on proliferation and/or differentiation in monolayer cultures of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. For the proliferation study (Exp. 1), cells were grown in plating medium containing DHEA at 0,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if short term (2 week) treatment of growing male rats with low levels of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) can reduce adiposity and serum triglycerides. DESIGN Rats were administered either normal drinking water or drinking water supplemented with 10 (D10) or 100 (D100) micrograms/ml DHEAS for 14 d. SUBJECTS Twenty-one male(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine if the anti-adipogenic effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) are mediated solely by DHEA or by one or more of its downstream metabolites. In Experiment 1, preconfluent proliferating cultures of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were incubated for either 24 or 72 h with 0, 1, 5 or 25 microM DHEA, DHEA sulfate (DHEAS),(More)
Drug discovery efforts have an increasing focus on functional cell-based screening to identify compounds that modulate targets presented in a relevant format. Historically, immortalized cell lines have been used in primary and secondary screens due to their ease of manipulation, transformation, and propagation. However, more researchers are using primary(More)