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To pursue genetic improvement of lily, efficiency of both regeneration and transformation from callus cultures induced from different explants were evaluated in multiple cultivars. Thirty-five callus lines induced from filaments or styles and one control callus line derived from bulb scales of in total twenty lily cultivars representing Lilium longiflorum,(More)
BACKGROUND Human genome contains millions of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and these SNPs play an important role in understanding the association between genetic variations and human diseases. Many SNPs show correlated genotypes, or linkage disequilibrium (LD), thus it is not necessary to genotype all SNPs for association study. Many(More)
Whole-genomic expression patterns were examined in Shewanella oneidensis cells exposed to elevated sodium chloride. Genes involved in Na(+) extrusion and glutamate biosynthesis were significantly up-regulated, and the majority of chemotaxis/motility-related genes were significantly down-regulated. The data also suggested an important role for metabolic(More)
Multivariate quantitative traits arise naturally in recent neuroimaging genetics studies, in which both structural and functional variability of the human brain is measured non-invasively through techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There is growing interest in detecting genetic variants associated with such multivariate traits, especially(More)
[1] Current estimates of gross primary productivity (GPP) of the terrestrial biosphere vary widely, from 100 to 175 Gt C year À1. Ecosystem GPP cannot be measured directly, and is commonly estimated using models. Among the many parameters in those models, three leaf parameters have strong influences on the modelled GPP: leaf mass per area, leaf lifespan and(More)
Although podocyte apoptosis has been shown to be induced by the accumulation of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs), the mechanisms through which AOPPs trigger apoptosis in these cells remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in AOPP-induced podocyte apoptosis. AOPP treatment induced overexpression(More)
Herein we reported the development of aptamer-based biosensors (aptasensors) based on label-free aptamers and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 and Salmonella typhimurium. Target bacteria binding aptamers are adsorbed on the surface of unmodified AuNPs to capture target bacteria, and the detection was(More)
The genus Salmonella contains more than 2500 serovars. While most cause the self-limiting gastroenteritis, a few serovars can elicit typhoid fever, a severe systemic infection. S. enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium and S. Typhi are the representatives of the gastroenteritis and typhoid fever types of Salmonella. In this study, we adopted Stable(More)
Plant tissue culture, as a fundamental technique for genetic engineering, has great potential of epigenetic variation, of which DNA methylation is well known of importance to genome activity. We assessed DNA methylation level of explants during tissue culture of Brassica napus (cv. Yangyou 9), using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assisted(More)
Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is one of the most important economic crops worldwide, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is the most dangerous disease that affects its yield greatly. Lipid transfer protein (LTP) has broad-spectrum anti-bacterial and fungal activities. In this study, B. napus was transformed using Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring the(More)