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Fragile X mental retardation is caused by the lack of FMRP, a selective RNA-binding protein associated with ribosomes. A missense mutation, I304N, has been found to result in an unusually severe phenotype. We show here that normal FMRP associates with elongating polyribosomes via large mRNP particles. Despite normal expression and cytoplasmic mRNA(More)
Fragile X syndrome, a leading cause of inherited mental retardation, is attributable to the unstable expansion of a CGG-repeat within the FMR1 gene that results in the absence of the encoded protein. The fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is a ribosome-associated RNA-binding protein of uncertain function that contains nuclear localization and(More)
The gene for the synaptic vesicle docking fusion protein, synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), has been implicated in the etiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based on the mouse mutant strain coloboma. This neutron-irradiation induced mouse strain is hemizygous for the deletion of the SNAP-25 gene and displays(More)
The synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa gene (SNAP25) has been suggested as a genetic susceptibility factor in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based on the mouse strain coloboma. This strain is hemizygous for the SNAP25 gene and displays hyperactivity that responds to dextroamphetamine, but not to methylphenidate. Previously, we(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often treated using methylphenidate, a psychostimulant that inhibits the dopamine transporter. This led E.H. Cook and colleagues to consider the dopamine transporter locus (DAT1) as a primary candidate gene for ADHD. That group reported a significant association between ADHD and the 480-base pair(More)
Quakingviable (qk(v)) is a well known dysmyelination mutation. Recently, the genetic lesion of qk(v) has been defined as a deletion 5' to the qkI gene, which results in the severe reduction of the qkI-encoded QKI RNA-binding proteins in myelin-producing cells. However, no comprehensive model has been proposed regarding how the lack of QKI leads to(More)
Fragile X syndrome is a frequent form of inherited mental retardation caused by functional loss of the fragile X mental retardation protein, FMRP. The function of FMRP is unknown, as is the mechanism by which its loss leads to cognitive deficits. Recent studies have determined that FMRP is a selective RNA-binding protein associated with polyribosomes,(More)
H5N1 avian influenza virus (AIV) has emerged as a pathogenic entity for a variety of species, including humans, in recent years. Here we report an outbreak among migratory birds on Lake Qinghaihu, China, in May and June 2005, in which more than a thousand birds were affected. Pancreatic necrosis and abnormal neurological symptoms were the major clinical(More)
Fragile X syndrome is a frequent cause of mental retardation resulting from the absence of FMRP, the protein encoded by the FMR1 gene. FMRP is an RNA-binding protein of unknown function which is associated with ribosomes. To gain insight into FMRP function, we performed immunolocalization analysis of FMRP truncation and fusion constructs which revealed a(More)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by the transcriptional silencing of the FMR1 gene due to a trinucleotide repeat expansion. The encoded protein, Fmrp, has been found to be a nucleocytoplasmic RNA-binding protein containing both KH domains and RGG boxes that associates with polyribosomes as a ribonucleoprotein particle. RNA binding has previously been(More)