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The mechanistic relationship between the signalling for the TNF effects by the human p55 TNF receptor (hu-p55-TNF-R) and the formation of a soluble form of the receptor, which is inhibitory to these effects, was explored by examining the function of C-terminally truncated mutants of the receptor, expressed in rodent cells. The 'wild-type' receptor signalled(More)
Immunological cross-reactivity between tumor necrosis factor (TNF) binding proteins which are present in human urine (designated TBPI and TBPII) and two molecular species of the cell surface receptors for TNF is demonstrated. The two TNF receptors are shown to be immunologically distinct, to differ in molecular weight (58,000 and 73,000), and to be(More)
A cell line was generated that expresses the poliovirus 2A protease in an inducible manner. Tightly controlled expression was achieved by utilizing the muristerone A-regulated expression system. Upon induction, cleavage of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4GI (eIF4GI) and eIF4GII is observed, with the latter being cleaved in a somewhat slower(More)
BALB/c mice were sensitized to lethal effects of human rTNF-alpha and of human rIL-1 alpha by simultaneous treatment with sublethal doses of actinomycin D (Act D) or D-galactosamine (GalN). In contrast, treatment with sublethal doses of TNF or IL-1 themselves resulted in desensitization of the mice to the lethal effect of these cytokines: mice injected with(More)
Two proteins which specifically bind tumor necrosis factor (TNF) have recently been isolated from human urine in our laboratory. The two proteins cross-react immunologically with two species of cell surface TNF receptors (TNF-R). Antibodies against one of the two TNF binding proteins (TBPI) were found to have effects characteristic of TNF, including(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) initiates its multiple effects on cell function by binding at a high affinity to specific cell surface receptors. Two different molecular species of these receptors, which are expressed differentially in different cells, have been identified. The cDNAs of both receptors have recently been cloned. Antibodies to one of these(More)
Expression of the two known receptors for TNF was studied in the promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 before and after differentiation of the cells along the granulocyte lineage (induced by incubation with retinoic acid), or along the macrophage lineage (induced by incubation with the phorbol diester, PMA). The extent of inhibition of TNF binding by(More)
The mechanisms underlying differences in vulnerability to the cytocidal effect of TNF, among various cell lines and strains, were explored by examining the response to TNF of heterokaryons formed by fusing TNF-resistant and -sensitive cells. Several combination pairs of human and murine cells, differing significantly in response to TNF toxicity, yet(More)
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