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Nowadays, several types of brain imaging device are available to provide images of the functional activity of the cerebral cortex based on hemodynamic, metabolic, or electromagnetic measurements. However, static images of brain regions activated during particular tasks do not convey the information of how these regions communicate with each other. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency coagulation (RFC) is being promoted as a novel technique with a low morbidity rate in the treatment of liver tumours. The purpose of this study was to assess critically the complication rates of RFC in centres with both large and limited initial experience, and to establish causes and possible means of prevention and treatment. (More)
OBJECTIVE To test a technique called Directed Transfer Function (DTF) for the estimation of human cortical connectivity, by means of simulation study and human study, using high resolution EEG recordings related to finger movements. METHODS The method of the Directed Transfer Function (DTF) is a frequency-domain approach, based on a multivariate(More)
Cellulose accessibilities of a set of hornified lignocellulosic substrates derived by drying the never dried pretreated sample and a set of differently pretreated lodgepople pine substrates, were evaluated using solute exclusion and protein adsorption methods. Direct measurements of cellulase adsorption onto cellulose surface of the set of pretreated(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES A cooled-wet electrode has been developed for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) that allows simultaneous internal-cooling perfusion ("cooled") and interstitial hypertonic saline infusion ("wet"). The present comparative study was conducted to validate this new device for the increased coagulation volume in RFA. METHODS Under low-power(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether radiofrequency (RF) therapy with hypertonic saline infusion through a hollow screw-tip electrode can cause a lesion size suitable for liver tumor ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS RF tissue ablation of 180 sites was performed by using a hollow screw-tip electrode in 40 freshly excised swine livers. Under both power and(More)
BACKGROUND It is not known whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) with mutations in the a determinant (amino acids (aa) 121-149) of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) affect vaccination efficacy. AIM To investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of these mutants in children, 15 years after universal vaccination in Taiwan. METHODS Nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was hyperendemic in Taiwan before the implementation of the universal infant hepatitis B immunization program, which was launched in 1984. Five previous seroepidemiologic surveys were conducted at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years after the launch of the vaccination program. METHODS We enrolled 3332 subjects(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the efficacy of probiotics (Lactobacillus casei rhamnosus, Lcr35) for treating children with chronic constipation and to compare its effect with magnesium oxide (MgO) and placebo. METHODS This double-blind placebo-controlled, randomized study enrolled 45 children under 10 years old with chronic(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors intended to confirm previous findings that paramagnetic porphyrins are avid only for intratumoral nonviable tissues, but not for viable tumor cells, and to test the hypothesis that necrosis, regardless of location and origin, can be visualized by metalloporphyrin enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS(More)