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Our study concerns an important current problem, that of diffusion of information in social networks. This problem has received significant attention from the Internet research community in the recent times, driven by many potential applications such as viral marketing and sales promotions. In this paper, we focus on the target set selection problem, which(More)
There are p heterogeneous objects to be assigned to n competing agents (n > p) each with unit demand. It is required to design a Groves mechanism for this assignment problem satisfying weak budget balance, individual rationality, and minimizing the budget imbalance. This calls for designing an appropriate rebate function. Our main result is an impossibility(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of selecting, for any given positive integer k, the top-k nodes in a social network, based on a certain measure appropriate for the social network. This problem is relevant in many settings such as analysis of co-authorship networks, diffusion of information, viral marketing, etc. However, in most situations, this(More)
Deadlocks constitute an important issue to he addressed in the design and operation of flexible manufacturing systems (FMS's). In this paper, we show that prevention and avoidance of FMS deadlocks can he implemented using Petri net models. For deadlock prevention, we use the reachability graph of a Petri net model of the given FMS, whereas for deadlock(More)
This paper considers the minimization version of a class of nonconvex knapsack problems with piecewise linear cost structure. The items to be included in the knapsack have a divisible quantity and a cost function. An item can be included partially in the given quantity range and the cost is a nonconvex piecewise linear function of quantity. Given a demand,(More)
Numerous algorithms and tools have been deployed in supply chain modeling and problem solving. These are based on stochastic models, mathematical programming models, heuristic techniques, and simulation. Since different decision problems in supply chains entail different approaches to be used for modeling and problem solving, there is a need for a unified(More)
Auction-based mechanisms are extremely relevant in modern day electronic procurement systems since they enable a promising way of automating negotiations with suppliers and achieve the ideal goals of procurement efficiency and cost minimization. This paper surveys recent research and current art in the area of auction-based mechanisms for e-procurement. The(More)