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The capability of reprogramming movement responses following changes in the visual goal has been studied through the double-step paradigm. These studies have shown that: (a) continuous internal feedback-loops correct unconsciously the dynamic errors throughout the movement; (b) proprioceptive information and/or the efference copy have a privileged status(More)
This experiment investigated the prediction of load force (LF) in impulsive collisions inferred from anticipatory adjustments of grip force (GF) used to stabilise a hand-held object. Subjects used a precision grip to hold the object between thumb and index finger of their right hand and used the arm either: (1) to move the object to produce a collision by(More)
In daily living, we continuously interact with our environment. This environment is rarely stable and living beings show remarkable adaptive capacities. When we reach for an object, it is necessary to localize the position of this object with respect to our own body before programming an adequate arm movement. If the target remains stable, the programmed(More)
As an aid to studying the efficiency of grip force scaling in the context of collisions, we present a simple cost-effective approach to estimating the slip ratio--that is, the minimum grip-to-load-force ratio needed to prevent object slippage. The grip apparatus comprises a sturdy load cell to measure grip force and two linear potentiometers to provide(More)
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