Y-N Huang

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Rapid head rotation is a major cause of brain damage in automobile crashes and falls. This report details a new model for rotational acceleration about the center of mass of the rabbit head. This allows the study of brain injury without translational acceleration of the head. Impact from a pneumatic cylinder was transferred to the skull surface to cause a(More)
The aim of this study is to monitor excitatory amino acids (EAAs) in the extracellular fluids of the brain and to characterize regional neuronal damage in a new experimental model for brain injury, in which rabbits were exposed to 180-260 krad/s2 rotational head acceleration. This loading causes extensive subarachnoid hemorrhage, focal tissue bleeding,(More)
Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV), a member of the potexvirus group, infects primarily members of the Bambusoideae. The open reading frame 1 (ORF1) of BaMV encodes a 155-kDa polypeptide that was postulated to be involved in the replication and the formation of cap structure at the 5' end of the viral genome. To characterize the activities associated with the(More)
The 3' untranslated region (UTR) of bamboo mosaic potexvirus (BaMV) genomic RNA was found to fold into a series of stem-loop structures including a pseudoknot structure. These structures were demonstrated to be important for viral RNA replication and were believed to be recognized by the replicase (C.-P. Cheng and C.-H. Tsai, J. Mol. Biol. 288:555-565,(More)
BACKGROUND The level of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at early time points (TPs) may be an important prognostic factor. Although internal tandem duplication of FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) as an MRD marker has been questioned for its instability based on semi-quantitative methods, we hypothesized that FLT3-ITD dynamics measured by(More)
A new approach was developed to minimize inevitable damage to nervous and meningeal tissue due to implantation of a sampling tube allowing multiple withdrawal of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the cisterna magna in adult rats. A tube was secured on the atlanto-occipital membrane. Thereafter, a hole was cut through the membrane, allowing flow of CSF from the(More)
Two approaches for time-resolved sampling of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in rats were compared regarding performance, reproducibility, and extent of the inevitable trauma caused by the implantation of a sampling tube. Several parameters were checked to evaluate the injury: blood cell contamination of CSF; concentrations in CSF of the cytosolic proteins(More)
Studies have shown a few cerebral metabolites modified by cocaine in brain regions; however, endogenous metabolic profiling has been lacking. Ex vivo (1)H NMR (hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy-based metabonomic approach coupled with partial least squares was applied to investigate the changes of cerebral metabolites in nucleus accumbens(More)
Rab3A is a small G protein in the Rab3 subfamily, and is thought to act at late stage of exocytosis. However, the detailed mechanism of its action is not completely understood. To study the role of Rab3A in exocytosis, we used a total internal reflection fluorescence microscope to examine the fluorescence changes of EGFP-Rab3A-labeled and NPY-EGFP-labeled(More)
Transiently increased immunoreactivity of the calcium binding protein S-100beta was demonstrated in spinal ganglion nerve cells after sciatic nerve transection. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), normally not seen in these nerve cells, appeared concomitantly. The transiently elevated co-expression of S-100beta and NPY is proposed to reflect an increased demand of(More)