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The adaptation to weightlessness of two postural muscles, the slow soleus (SOL) and the fast gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), and a fast muscle used in movements, the extensor digitorum longus (EDL), was studied on five adult Wistar rats. The animals exposed to 14-day spaceflight aboard COSMOS 2044, designated as flight (F), were compared with synchronous (S)(More)
The effects of ryanodine, a neutral alkaloid, on crab muscle fibers were investigated under voltage clamp conditions using the double sucrose-gap technique. In the presence of ryanodine, contracture develops without any membrane depolarization and the Ca-conductance variables are shifted in a hyperpolarizing direction. As a result, the Ca channels are(More)
The neural message is known to play a key role in muscle development and function. We analyzed the specific role of the afferent message on the functional regulation of two subcellular muscle components involved in the contractile mechanism: the contractile proteins and the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Rats were submitted to bilateral deafferentation (DEAF(More)
Membrane currents are investigated under voltage-clamp conditions in crab muscle fibre. 2. Step depolarizations elicit an initial composite current followed by a late outward current. 3. One of the components of the initial current is inward. It is sensitive to the external calcium concentration and inhibited by manganese ions, it can be carried also by(More)
This study was undertaken to correlate some of the functional characteristics with the myofibrillar composition in myosin heavy chain isoforms on newborn and adult rat soleus muscles. The following postnatal ages were chosen in order to determine the role of innervation in the establishment of the mature muscle phenotype: before (postnatal day 6), when(More)
The functional capacity of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) was examined in the slow soleus of rats submitted to 15 days of disuse produced by hindlimb suspension (HS). By using caffeine-induced contractions of single skinned fibers, Ca2+ uptake, Ca2+ release, and passive Ca2+ leakage through the SR membrane were investigated. In the SR of(More)
AIMS Although modifications of the survival motor neurone gene are responsible for most spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) cases, the molecular pathophysiology and the muscular target proteins involved are still unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the expression of contractile and regulatory protein isoforms in quadriceps muscles from SMA children with(More)
Excitation-contraction coupling in crab muscle fibers was studied in voltage-clamp conditions. Extracellular calcium is essential for the mechanical activity. Two calcium influxes induced by membrane depolarization contribute to tension development: one is the inward calcium current responsible for the phasic tension, the other is a calcium influx dependent(More)
1. Voltage-clamp experiments were achieved on crab muscle fibre with the double sucrose-gap technique. 2. The accuracy of the imposed voltage has been controlled with an impaled micro-electrode connected to an external circuit. 3. Step depolarizations elicit two kinds of records. In type I fibres, the initial current exhibits only an inward calcium(More)
In order to counteract the changes of the contractile properties of the rat soleus occurring during 10 days of hypokinesia-hypodynamia, due to hindlimb suspension (HS), two different patterns of electrostimulation were applied to the tibial nerve. The contractile properties of single chemically skinned muscle fibers were investigated using the tension-pCa(More)