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Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a risk factor for the development of gastric cancer. Here we show that infection of gastric epithelial cells with 'cag' pathogenicity island (cagPAI)-positive H. pylori induced aberrant expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), a member of the cytidine-deaminase family that acts as a DNA-(More)
BACKGROUND Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 infection causes severe diseases such as bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Although EHEC O157:H7 strains have exhibited high genetic variability, their abilities to cause human diseases have not been fully examined. METHODS Clade typing and stx subtyping of EHEC O157:H7(More)
UNLABELLED Prior 8-week treatment with menatetrenone, MK-4, followed by 8-week risedronate prevented the shortcomings of individual drugs and significantly increased the strength of ovariectomized ICR mouse femur compared to the ovariectomized (OVX) controls. Neither MK-4 following risedronate nor the concomitant administration may be recommended because(More)
We examined whether an additive treatment with an angiotensin receptor blocker, olmesartan, reduces the mortality and morbidity in hypertensive patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, β-blockers, or both. In this prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint study, a total of 1147(More)
SALL1, a causative gene for Townes-Brocks syndrome, encodes a zinc finger protein, and its mouse homolog (Sall1) is essential for metanephros development, as noted during gene targeting. In the embryonic kidney, Sall1 is expressed abundantly in mesenchyme-derived structures from condensed mesenchyme, S-, comma-shaped bodies, to renal tubules and podocytes.(More)
Periodic maternal deprivation (MD) in the early postnatal period leads to permanently altered responsibility of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis to various types of stress. However, no reports appear to have described the effect of periodic MD under different conditions on growth of the developing rat and responsibility of the HPA axis(More)
The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that condylar shape varies based upon the condition of anterior disk displacement in young adolescent patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The study design consisted of 96 juvenile female patients (aged 9 to 20; 15.1 +/- 2.3 yrs.) with clinical signs and/or symptoms of TMD. Bilateral(More)
This study was undertaken to characterize jaw motion during mastication in children with primary dentition and to compare jaw motion with that in adults. The means and the variances of the traditional parameters for the chewing cycle, i.e., duration, excursive ranges and 3-D distances of travel at the lower incisor, molars and condyles were analyzed and(More)